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In rheumatoid arthritis the synovial membrane has many of the characteristics of a hyperactive, immunologically-stimulated lymphoid organ. The basis of this hyperactivity is poorly understood. Highly specific antisera to human Ia-like (HLA-DR) antigens and monoclonal antibodies (OKT series) to various T-lymphocyte subsets were used to analyse both the… (More)
BACKGROUND The maintenance of standards is a problem for postgraduate medical examinations, particularly if they use norm-referencing as the sole method of standard setting. In each of its diets, the MRCP(UK) Part 1 Examination includes a number of marker questions, which are unchanged from their use in a previous diet. This paper describes two… (More)
Serum specimens from 35 patients with polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis (PMR/GCA) were obtained sequentially at variable time intervals up to a year from onset of disease. These were tested for antibodies to intermediate filaments by indirect immunofluorescence using HEp2 cells as substrate. Twenty four of 35 (68%) patients' sera at onset of… (More)
This paper identifies the existence of vulnerability in the source code of deployed software as the root cause of majority of the software security problems, and therefore, discusses the vulnerability concept and its severe negative impacts to programmers and users alike. Arising from the discussions, the paper posits that, since the deployed software… (More)
Brachyolmia is a form of spondylodysplasia that has not to the authors' knowledge been described in the UK. It may be a cause of short stature that is currently unrecognised. A case of an 11 year old boy with clinical, radiographic, and eye findings consistent with Toledo type brachyolmia is reported.