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A practical guide to measuring local adaptation.
Patterns of local adaptation are expected to emerge when selection is spatially heterogeneous and sufficiently strong relative to the action of other evolutionary forces. The observation of localExpand
Local adaptation in host–parasite systems
In host-parasite coevolutionary arms races, parasites probably have an evolutionary advantage. Parasite populations should be locally adapted, having higher mean fitness on sympatric than allopatricExpand
LOCAL MALADAPTATION IN THE ANTHER‐SMUT FUNGUS MICROBOTRYUM VIOLACEUM TO ITS HOST PLANT SILENE LATIFOLIA: EVIDENCE FROM A CROSS‐INOCULATION EXPERIMENT
Conventional wisdom holds that parasites evolve more rapidly than their hosts and are therefore locally adapted, that is, better at exploiting sympatric than allopatric hosts. We studied localExpand
The probability of evolutionary rescue: towards a quantitative comparison between theory and evolution experiments
Evolutionary rescue occurs when a population genetically adapts to a new stressful environment that would otherwise cause its extinction. Forecasting the probability of persistence under stress,Expand
THE ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF FITNESS IN CHLAMYDOMONAS. XII. REPEATED SEXUAL EPISODES INCREASE RATES OF ADAPTATION TO NOVEL ENVIRONMENTS
  • O. Kaltz, G. Bell
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic…
  • 1 September 2002
Abstract.— We investigated the dynamics of adaptation of the unicellular chlorophyte Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to new and hostile conditions of growth provided by novel carbon substrates in the dark.Expand
Sporidial Mating-Type Ratios of Teliospores from Natural Populations of the Anther Smut Fungus Microbotryum (= Ustilago) violaceum
In the fungal plant pathogen Microbotryum violaceum, infection is achieved by the dikaryotic conjugation product between two haploid sporidia differing in mating type. Each diploid teliospore, theExpand
Genetic structure and local adaptation of European wheat yellow rust populations: the role of temperature-specific adaptation
Environmental heterogeneity influences coevolution and local adaptation in host–parasite systems. This also concerns applied issues, because the geographic range of parasites may depend on theirExpand
Evolutionary rescue in populations of Pseudomonas fluorescens across an antibiotic gradient
Environmental change represents a major threat to species persistence. When change is rapid, a population's only means of persisting may be to evolve resistance. Understanding such ‘evolutionaryExpand
Adaptation of Paramecium caudatum to variable conditions of temperature stress.
The environment is rarely constant and organisms are exposed to spatial and temporal variation that will impact life-histories. It is important to understand how such variation affects the adaptationExpand
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