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The grapevine genome sequence suggests ancestral hexaploidization in major angiosperm phyla
TLDR
A high-quality draft of the genome sequence of grapevine is obtained from a highly homozygous genotype, revealing the contribution of three ancestral genomes to the grapevine haploid content and explaining the chronology of previously described whole-genome duplication events in the evolution of flowering plants.
The complete genome sequence of the lactic acid bacterium Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis IL1403.
TLDR
Genomic sequence revealed new possibilities for fermentation pathways and for aerobic respiration and indicated a horizontal transfer of genetic information from Lactococcus to gram-negative enteric bacteria of Salmonella-Escherichia group.
Genome duplication in the teleost fish Tetraodon nigroviridis reveals the early vertebrate proto-karyotype
TLDR
Genome analysis provides a greatly improved fish gene catalogue, including identifying key genes previously thought to be absent in fish, and reconstructs much of the evolutionary history of ancient and recent chromosome rearrangements leading to the modern human karyotype.
Structure and function of the global ocean microbiome
TLDR
This work identifies ocean microbial core functionality and reveals that >73% of its abundance is shared with the human gut microbiome despite the physicochemical differences between these two ecosystems.
The Genome Sequence of the Malaria Mosquito Anopheles gambiae
TLDR
Analysis of the PEST strain of A. gambiae revealed strong evidence for about 14,000 protein-encoding transcripts, and prominent expansions in specific families of proteins likely involved in cell adhesion and immunity were noted.
The banana (Musa acuminata) genome and the evolution of monocotyledonous plants
TLDR
This first monocotyledon high-continuity whole-genome sequence reported outside Poales represents an essential bridge for comparative genome analysis in plants and clarifies commelinid-monocotYledon phylogenetic relationships, reveals Poaceae-specific features and has led to the discovery of conserved non-coding sequences predating monocotinoid–eudicotylingon divergence.
The rainbow trout genome provides novel insights into evolution after whole-genome duplication in vertebrates
TLDR
It is shown that after 100 million years of evolution the two ancestral subgenomes have remained extremely collinear, despite the loss of half of the duplicated protein-coding genes, mostly through pseudogenization.
Global trends of whole-genome duplications revealed by the ciliate Paramecium tetraurelia
TLDR
It is shown that in the unicellular eukaryote Paramecium tetraurelia, a ciliate, most of the nearly 40,000 genes arose through at least three successive whole-genome duplications.
Eukaryotic plankton diversity in the sunlit ocean
TLDR
Diversity emerged at all taxonomic levels, both within the groups comprising the ~11,200 cataloged morphospecies of eukaryotic plankton and among twice as many other deep-branching lineages of unappreciated importance in plankton ecology studies.
Genome sequence of the metazoan plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita
TLDR
The draft genome sequence of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita, a biotrophic parasite of many crops, is reported, providing insights into the adaptations required by metazoans to successfully parasitize immunocompetent plants, and open the way for discovering new antiparasitic strategies.
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