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Ecological responses to recent climate change
TLDR
A review of the ecological impacts of recent climate change exposes a coherent pattern of ecological change across systems, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments. Expand
Climate change, coral bleaching and the future of the world's coral reefs
TLDR
The results suggest that the thermal tolerances of reef-building corals are likely to be exceeded every year within the next few decades, and suggests that unrestrained warming cannot occur without the loss and degradation of coral reefs on a global scale. Expand
Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification
TLDR
As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided. Expand
Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs
TLDR
International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming. Expand
Phase Shifts, Herbivory, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs to Climate Change
TLDR
Experimentally manipulated the density of large herbivorous fishes to test their influence on the resilience of coral assemblages in the aftermath of regional-scale bleaching in 1998, the largest coral mortality event recorded to date. Expand
Ocean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef builders
TLDR
Comparing bleaching, productivity, and calcification responses of crustose coralline algae and branching and branching coral species in response to acidification and warming suggests sensitive reef-building species such as CCA may be pushed beyond their thresholds for growth and survival within the next few decades. Expand
The Impact of Climate Change on the World’s Marine Ecosystems
TLDR
Although there is considerable uncertainty about the spatial and temporal details, climate change is clearly and fundamentally altering ocean ecosystems and will continue to create enormous challenges and costs for societies worldwide, particularly those in developing countries. Expand
Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO2 emissions scenarios
TLDR
The physics, chemistry, and ecology of the oceans might be affected based on two CO2 emission trajectories: one business as usual and one with aggressive reductions, consistent with the Copenhagen Accord of keeping mean global temperature increase below 2°C in the 21st century. Expand
Low symbiont diversity in southern Great Barrier Reef corals, relative to those of the Caribbean
TLDR
The comparison of symbiont diversity between southern GBR and Caribbean reefs shows an inverse relationship between coral diversity and symbionT diversity, perhaps as a consequence of more-rapid diversification of Caribbean symbionts. Expand
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