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Global standard for the composition of infant formula: recommendations of an ESPGHAN coordinated international expert group.
The Codex Alimentarius Commission of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) develops food standards, guidelines and related textsExpand
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Breast-feeding protects against celiac disease.
BACKGROUND Celiac disease, or permanent gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immunologic disease strictly dependent on exposure to wheat gluten or related proteins in rye and barley. OBJECTIVE TheExpand
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Epidemic of coeliac disease in Swedish children
Coeliac disease has emerged as a public health problem. The aim of the present study was to analyse trends in the occurrence of symptomatic coeliac disease in Swedish children from 1973 to 1997, andExpand
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The diagnostic criteria for iron deficiency in infants should be reevaluated.
Diagnostic criteria for iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants are poorly defined. Our aim was to establish appropriate cut-off values for hemoglobin (Hb), plasma ferritin,Expand
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Iron supplementation of breast-fed Honduran and Swedish infants from 4 to 9 months of age.
OBJECTIVE The objective was to study the effects of iron supplementation on hemoglobin and iron status in 2 different populations. STUDY DESIGN In a randomized, placebo-controlled, masked clinicalExpand
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Iron supplementation affects growth and morbidity of breast-fed infants: results of a randomized trial in Sweden and Honduras.
Iron supplements are often prescribed during infancy but their benefits and risks have not been well documented. We examined whether iron supplements affect growth or morbidity of breast-fed infants.Expand
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Feeding Preterm Infants After Hospital Discharge: A Commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
ABSTRACT Survival of small premature infants has markedly improved during the last few decades. These infants are discharged from hospital care with body weight below the usual birth weight ofExpand
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Neurodevelopment, nutrition, and growth until 12 mo of age in infants fed a low-energy, low-protein formula supplemented with bovine milk fat globule membranes: a randomized controlled trial.
BACKGROUND Observational studies have indicated that differences in the composition of human milk and infant formula yield benefits in cognitive development and early growth for breastfed infants. Expand
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Iron status of infants fed low-iron formula: no effect of added bovine lactoferrin or nucleotides.
BACKGROUND The appropriate level of iron fortification in infant formula remains undetermined. OBJECTIVES We compared hematologic indexes and iron-status indicators in infants who were eitherExpand
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Early infections are associated with increased risk for celiac disease: an incident case-referent study
BackgroundCeliac disease is defined as a ‘chronic small intestinal immune-mediated enteropathy precipitated by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals’. Sweden hasExpand
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