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Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.
TLDR
Lifetime prevalence estimates are higher in recent cohorts than in earlier cohorts and have fairly stable intercohort differences across the life course that vary in substantively plausible ways among sociodemographic subgroups.
Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.
TLDR
Although mental disorders are widespread, serious cases are concentrated among a relatively small proportion of cases with high comorbidity, as shown in the recently completed US National Comorbidities Survey Replication.
The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R).
TLDR
Notably, major depressive disorder is a common disorder, widely distributed in the population, and usually associated with substantial symptom severity and role impairment, and while the recent increase in treatment is encouraging, inadequate treatment is a serious concern.
The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.
TLDR
Efforts are needed to increase the detection and treatment of adult ADHD and research is needed to determine whether effective treatment would reduce the onset, persistence, and severity of disorders that co-occur with adult ADHD.
The World Health Organization adult ADHD self-report scale (ASRS): a short screening scale for use in the general population
TLDR
The unweighted six-question ASRS screener should be preferred to the full ASRS, both in community surveys and in clinical outreach and case-finding initiatives.
The US National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS‐R): design and field procedures
TLDR
The main features of the NCS‐R design and field procedures are described, including information on fieldwork organization and procedures, sample design, weighting and considerations in the use of design‐based versus model‐based estimation.
Prevalence and treatment of mental disorders, 1990 to 2003.
TLDR
Despite an increase in the rate of treatment, most patients with a mental disorder did not receive treatment and continued efforts are needed to obtain data on the effectiveness of treatment in order to increase the use of effective treatments.
Clinical calibration of DSM‐IV diagnoses in the World Mental Health (WMH) version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH‐CIDI)
TLDR
The goal of calibration rather than validation was adopted, which asked whether WMH‐CIDI diagnoses are ‘consistent’ with diagnoses based on a state‐of‐the‐art clinical research diagnostic interview (SCID; Structured Clinical Interview for DSM‐IV) rather than whether they are ’correct’.
Adequacy of treatment for serious mental illness in the United States.
TLDR
Inadequate treatment of serious mental illness is an enormous public health problem and public policies and cost-effective interventions are needed to improve both access to treatment and quality of treatment.
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