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Clouds and Aerosols
The aerosol-climate model ECHAM5-HAM
The aerosol-climate modelling system ECHAM5-HAM is introduced. It is based on a flexible microphysical approach and, as the number of externally imposed parameters is minimised, allows theExpand
Creation of the WATCH Forcing Data and Its Use to Assess Global and Regional Reference Crop Evaporation over Land during the Twentieth Century
The Water and Global Change (WATCH) project evaluation of the terrestrial water cycle involves using land surface models and general hydrological models to assess hydrologically important variablesExpand
The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 1: Energy and water fluxes
Abstract. This manuscript describes the energy and water components of a new community land surface model called the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES). This is developed from the Met OfficeExpand
Estimates of the direct and indirect radiative forcing due to tropospheric aerosols: A review
This paper reviews the many developments in estimates of the direct and indirect global annual mean radiative forcing due to present-day concentra- tions of anthropogenic tropospheric aerosols sinceExpand
A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system
Increases in aerosol concentration and changes in their composition, driven by industrialization and an expanding population, may adversely affect the Earth's climate and water supply. Expand
Emissions of primary aerosol and precursor gases in the years 2000 and 1750 prescribed data-sets for AeroCom
Inventories for global aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions have been collected (based on published inventories and published simulations), assessed and prepared for the year 2000 (present-dayExpand
The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 2: Carbon fluxes and vegetation dynamics
Abstract. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) is a process-based model that simulates the fluxes of carbon, water, energy and momentum between the land surface and the atmosphere. ManyExpand
Detection of a direct carbon dioxide effect in continental river runoff records
A mechanistic land-surface model and optimal fingerprinting statistical techniques are used to attribute observational runoff changes into contributions due to climate change and variability, and find that the trends are consistent with a suppression of plant transpiration due to CO2-induced stomatal closure. Expand
Global estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite measurements
Satellite-based measurements of aerosols and surface wind speed are used to estimate the clear-sky direct radiative forcing for 2002, suggesting future atmospheric warming greater than is presently predicted, as aerosol emissions continue to decline. Expand