Mapping the presence of Wolbachia pipientis on the phylogeny of filarial nematodes: evidence for symbiont loss during evolution.
Integrated taxonomy: traditional approach and DNA barcoding for the identification of filarioid worms and related parasites (Nematoda)
DNA barcoding is proposed as a reliable, consistent, and democratic tool for species discrimination in routine identification of parasitic nematodes and the coherence between DNA-based and morphological identification for almost all the species examined is very strong.
The evolutionary expansion of the Spirurida.
Clinical and pathologic manifestation of oesophagostomosis in African great apes: does self‐medication in wild apes influence disease progression?
Six cases of multinodular oesophagostomosis in free‐ranging and ex‐captive chimpanzees and captive gorillas caused by Oesophatomum stephanostomum are described and it is shown that nodules found in wild chimpanzees do not seem to affect their health status.
Shaking the Tree: Multi-locus Sequence Typing Usurps Current Onchocercid (Filarial Nematode) Phylogeny
The data support the current hypothesis that the Oswaldofilariinae, Waltonellinae and IcosieLLinae subfamilies separated early from the remaining onchocercids, and Setariinae was recovered as a well separated clade.
Maturation of the filaria Litomosoides sigmodontis in BALB/c mice; comparative susceptibility of nine other inbred strains.
- G. Petit, M. Diagne, P. Maréchal, D. Owen, D. Taylor, O. Bain
- BiologyAnnales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée
Results show that the Major Histocompatibility Complex only modulates the developmental pattern of filariae within the limits imposed by background genes and male CBA/HN and C3H/HeN were more susceptible to infection than female mice.
New Insights into the Evolution of Wolbachia Infections in Filarial Nematodes Inferred from a Large Range of Screened Species
The absence of Wolbachia in 63% of onchocercids, notably in the ancestral Oswaldofilariinae estimated 140 mya old, the diverse tissues or specimens distribution, and a recent lateral transfer in supergroup F WolbachIA modify the current view on the role and evolution of the endosymbiont and their hosts.
Murine filariasis: interleukin 4 and interleukin 5 lead to containment of different worm developmental stages
IL-5 has a greater impact on parasite containment than IL-4, and IL-5 dependent effector pathways operate against different stages of filarial worms, and microfilaraemia was greatly enhanced and prolonged compared to wild-type mice.
New and Known Species of Litomosoides (Nematoda: Filarioidea): Important Adult and Larval Characters and Taxonomic Changes
This study confirms the close morphological resemblance between the species of Litomosoides from flying and terrestrial mammals and reinforces the hypothesis of host-switching in the evolution of this genus.
Molecular phylogenetic studies on filarial parasites based on 5S ribosomal spacer sequences.
The analyses indicated that L. sigmodontis and A. viteae may be the most primitive among the 16 species studied and the data did not show any close relationship between Loa loa and D. immitis presently classified in the same subfamily, and the constitution of the Dirofilariinae subfamily is questionable.