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A conceptual framework for the OECD Health Care Quality Indicators Project.
TLDR
An HCQI framework is proposed that focuses on the quality of health care, maintains a broader perspective on health and its other determinants, and recognizes the key aims of health policy.
A performance assessment framework for hospitals: the WHO regional office for Europe PATH project.
TLDR
This project aims at supporting hospitals in assessing their performance, questioning their own results, and translating them into actions for improvement, by providing hospitals with tools for performance assessment and by enabling collegial support and networking among participating hospitals.
Conceptual frameworks for health systems performance: a quest for effectiveness, quality, and improvement.
TLDR
This paper explores the conceptual bases, effectiveness and its indicators, as well as the quality improvement dynamics of the performance frameworks of the UK, Canada, Australia, US, World Health Organization, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Severe hypoglycaemia and cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis with bias analysis
TLDR
The findings suggest that severe hypoglycaemia is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease; they also support the notion that avoiding severe hypglycaemia may be important to prevent cardiovascular disease in people with type 2 diabetes.
Bias Formulas for Sensitivity Analysis of Unmeasured Confounding for General Outcomes, Treatments, and Confounders
TLDR
The potential outcomes framework is used to derive a general class of sensitivity-analysis formulas for outcomes, treatments, and measured and unmeasured confounding variables that may be categorical or continuous.
Comparing mortality of peritoneal and hemodialysis patients in the first 2 years of dialysis therapy: a marginal structural model analysis.
TLDR
Peritoneal dialysis seems to be associated with 48% lower mortality than hemodialysis over the first 2 years of dialysis therapy independent of modality switches or differential transplantation rates.
Autism Spectrum Disorders and Race, Ethnicity, and Nativity: A Population-Based Study
TLDR
Maternal race/ethnicity and nativity are associated with offspring’s AD diagnosis and severity and future studies need to examine factors related to nativity and migration that may play a role in the etiology as well as identification and diagnosis of AD in children.
Doctors’ perceptions of why 360‐degree feedback does (not) work: a qualitative study
TLDR
This study aims to explore which factors represent incentives, or disincentives, for consultants to implement suggestions for improvement from 360‐degree feedback.
Bias from conditioning on live birth in pregnancy cohorts: an illustration based on neurodevelopment in children after prenatal exposure to organic pollutants.
TLDR
A common bias structure (leading to 'live-birth bias') that arises from studying the effects of prenatal exposure to environmental factors on long-term health outcomes among live births only in pregnancy cohorts is illustrated and the need to identify the determinants of pregnancy loss is highlighted.
Association of incident obstructive sleep apnoea with outcomes in a large cohort of US veterans
TLDR
In this large and contemporary cohort of more than 3 million US veterans, a diagnosis of incident OSA was associated with higher mortality, incident CHD, stroke and CKD and with faster kidney function decline.
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