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Pseudodiarrhoea in zebra mussels Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) exposed to microcystins
TLDR
The observed acute irritant response to the toxin represents the first demonstration of an adverse sublethal effect of microcystins on invertebrate ecophysiology and the results suggest that it could be a specific response tomicrocystin-LF, a little studied toxin variant.
Accumulation and Effects of Nodularin from a Single and Repeated Oral Doses of Cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena on Flounder (Platichthys flesus L.)
TLDR
The significantly lower NODLN concentration and the increased GST activity in the liver of the repeatedly dosedFlounders compared to the singly dosed flounders suggest that NODlN is rapidly detoxificated.
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry application, for the determination of extracellular hepatotoxins in Irish lake and drinking waters.
TLDR
This sensitive and rapid method does not require any sample preconcentration, including the elimination of solid-phase extraction (SPE) for the effective screening of hepatotoxins in water below the 1 microg/L WHO provisional guideline limit for MC-LR.
In vivo exposure to microcystins induces DNA damage in the haemocytes of the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, as measured with the comet assay
TLDR
This study is the first to demonstrate that in vivo exposure to MC‐producing strains of cyanobacteria induces DNA damage in the haemocytes of zebra mussels and confirms the sublethal toxicity of these toxins.