O. V. Payushina

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Mesenchymal stem cells present in the bone marrow and some other organs are primitive pluripotent precursors of osseous, cartilaginous, adipose, and other mesenchymal tissues. The recently revealed capacity of these cells for differentiation into nonmesenchymal derivatives is of considerable theoretical and practical interest. However, many aspects of the(More)
The sensitivity of stromal stem cells (CFU-f) from rat bone marrow and fetal liver to the cytotoxic effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was compared in vivo and in vitro. Cells from both tissues demonstrated a similar resistance to 5-FU in vitro; however, stromal stem cells from fetal liver proved notably more sensitive to 5-FU compared to marrow CFU-f in vivo.(More)
187 Fetal liver stroma is known as a source of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), which exhibit osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic potencies [1]. It was reported that stromal cells of this organ can undergo myogenic differentiation in an induction medium [2], when cultured under specific conditions [3] and upon fusion with skeletal muscle cells [4]. We(More)
Permanent embryonic stem cell lines (ES cells) are considered as one of the most promising cellular sources for regenerative medicine. ES cells have a high proliferative potency and ability to differentiate into all kinds of somatic and germ cells. However, transplantation of undifferentiated ES cells into adult recipient tissue results in the formation of(More)
Interactions with the extracellular matrix play an important role in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. Fibronectin (Fn) is a major component of the extracellular matrix. The impact of Fn and its domains on the adhesion and osteogenic potency of rat mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been evaluated. The examination of bone marrow and fetal(More)
We studied the behavior and differentiation of pluripotent embryonic stem cells of R1 mice in vivo. Undifferentiated embryonic stem cells and differentiating embryoid bodies implanted in the abdominal cavity of irradiated mice were shown to form tumors containing the derivatives of all germ layers. Cells of the embryoid bodies form tumors two weeks after(More)
The mesenchymal stromal cell is a multipotent precursor of osteoblasts, adipocytes, and some other cell types. In this study, a comparative analysis of cultured mesenchymal stromal cells from the rat bone marrow at the early and late stages of subculturing has been performed using molecular genetic and cytological methods. The culture has undergone 11(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the changes that occur in the population of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) during the individual development of an organism. For this purpose, the basic characteristics of MSCs (the content of clonogenic cells, immunophenotype, and potencies to differentiate in vitro and in vivo) in the prenatal, early(More)
Comparison of mesenchymal stromal cells of embryonic and adult rat spleen showed that splenic cells from 20-day rat fetuses exhibit the capacity for clonal growth, express surface antigens CD73, CD90, and CD106, and have weak osteogenic and adipogenic potencies, while splenic cells from adult animals are characterized by lower cloning efficiency, rapid(More)
Fetal liver is known as a source of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells. These cells are routinely isolated by adhesion to plastic, but thus prepared culture is contaminated by other cells. For instance, primary cell culture of from rat fetal liver, apart from fibroblasts with phenotypic characteristics of mesenchymal stromal cells, contained skeletal(More)