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From experience in the management of 12 cases the authors discuss the clinical picture and pathogenesis of a special form of craniocerebral trauma in children which is characterized by isolated affection of the subcortical ganglia, internal capsule, and the thalamus in the area supplied by the perforating branches of the middle cerebral artery.
Twenty-five children aged 2-14 years with isolated and combined craniocerebral injury were examined. Some of them underwent urgent neurosurgical interventions. Mechanical injury and intervention were regarded as aggressive factors. The basic methods were indirect calorimetry and intravenous prolonged glucose and fat tolerance test. The results indicate that… (More)
The authors examined 275 children with acute craniocerebral trauma (CCT). Various types of intracranial hemorrhages and contusions of the brain were differentiated by means of ultrasonography (USG). Analysis of complex examination of children with CCT allows the conclusion that USG is a highly informative diagnostic method, particularly in infancy, which… (More)
Dosed moderately severe craniocerebral injury was inflicted upon puppies and rabbits. After different periods (from 17 minutes to 3 days) perfusion with India ink was conducted under anesthesia and the no-reflow phenomenon was studied. All vessels in the experimental animals remained patent in the early (up to 2 days) period after the injury. Vasospasm with… (More)
The work is based on the analysis of computer tomographic findings in 196 patients (children and adults) with closed craniocerebral injury of different severity. The authors give a more precise definition of the tomographic characteristics of the different forms of craniocerebral damages and the dynamics of changes in the acute and subacute periods after… (More)
Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid in 43 children with craniocerebral trauma revealed a dependence of the lactate content on the degree of the injury (9.2 +/- 1.2 mg% in mild trauma; 13.5 +/- 1.7 mg% in moderate trauma; 18.3 +/- 1.7 mg% in severe trauma) and the clinical course. The cerebrospinal fluid is normalized 7-10 days after a moderate brain… (More)