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Using Rapid Golgi and Nissl techniques, three major cell types: fusiform, multipolar and ovoid-shaped were identified in the nucleus raphe dorsalis of male rats at 30, 90, and 220 days of age. We have described the orientation and dendritic architecture of raphe cells as to type and the relationships of these cells to blood vessels and surrounding(More)
Our group has been carrying out interdisciplinary studies on the effects of prenatal and postnatal protein malnutrition on the developing rat brain. Anatomical, physiological, biochemical and behavioral approaches using the same animal model have revealed that protein malnutrition affects the brain at various levels, i.e., (1) anatomical, as revealed by(More)
Rats whose mothers were maintained on either a 25% casein diet or an 8% casein diet and who were provided the same diet after weaning were tested on delayed spatial alternation or on one of a series of spatial localization problems using the Morris maze (Morris, 1981). Malnourished rats demonstrated perseverative deficits in the form of strings of(More)
Four experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of developmental protein deprivation on the behavioral response of adult rats to treatments known to affect central nervous system catecholamine systems. Results showed no group differences between protein malnourished and control animals in locomotor responsiveness to d- or l-amphetamine, recovery(More)
We have previously reported that irreversible central and peripheral chemical changes and irreversible changes in spontaneous activity of single neurons in the frontal cortex are seen in adult rats who were born to mothers fed an 8% isocaloric casein diet 5 weeks before mating and during gestation, who were cross-fostered at birth by control (25% casein(More)
In a previous study we identified 3 cell types in the nucleus raphe dorsalis (NRD): fusiform, multipolar and ovoid. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of an 8% casein diet on these 3 cell types using quantitative techniques on rapid Golgi-impregnated neurons from rats of 3 different ages: 30, 90 and 220 days. Major and minor axes of the(More)
We have examined the physiological weight changes seen in rat dams and their offspring as sequelae of either an overt or a hidden form of chronic protein malnutrition. In the overt model, which was produced by feeding dams a very low protein diet (6% casein) starting 5 weeks prior to conception and continued through lactation, the females showed significant(More)