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We investigated the effects of streptozocin-induced diabetes on composition and metabolism of rat erythrocyte lipids. Diabetes produced no change in contents of cholesterol, total phospholipids, and proportions of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine in phospholipids. The acylation of total phospholipids with palmitic, oleic, or arachidonic(More)
Ethinyl estradiol administered in vivo to female rats resulted in a mild anemia with a 120% increase in reticulocytosis. Consistent with a previous study, the red blood cell cholesterol-to-phospholipid molar ratio was decreased by 25%, whereas fatty acyl incorporation was significantly increased into phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and not into(More)
Polyamines, as well as ACTH, strongly stimulate at pH 5.75 triacylglycerol lipase (TAGL) activity from rat brain. Whether the activating potency is expressed in terms of molar concentration or amount of positive charges, polyarginine, polylysine, spermine and spermidine exhibit, in this order, decreasing potencies. By contrast to other lipases, heparin (25(More)
Earlier reports have shown that, in human and rat red blood cells (RBC), ethanol modulates acylation reaction sin several membrane glycerolipid components. Little is known, however, about the kinetics and the mechanisms involved in the acylation changes. In the present study, we show that short-term in vitro exposure of intact rat reticulocytes to ethanol(More)
Exposure of rat reticulocytes to Nigericin produced a selective modulation of fatty acid incorporation into sphingomyelin (SM) of the cell membrane, via changes in SM acylation kinetics. At physiological fatty acid concentration, Nigericin accelerated 8-fold SM acylation by decreasing the apparent K(m) for oleate from 14.7 microM to 2.0 microM. The response(More)
We have investigated the patterns of incorporation of stearic, oleic, and linoleic acids into phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) of intact red blood cells of differing age isolated by centrifugation on discontinuous density gradient. Acylation rates of PC and PE elicited marked declines from the reticulocyte to the young erythrocyte(More)
The composition and metabolism of erythrocyte lipids were studied in 10 chronic alcoholic patients within 48 hr after discontinuation of alcohol intake and in 10 nonalcoholic control subjects. Chronic alcoholism produced no change in contents of cholesterol, total phospholipids, and proportions of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine in(More)
A membrane-bound monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) activity, previously demonstrated in intact human erythrocytes [Boyer, Somma, Vérine, L'Hôte, Finidori, Merger and Arnaud (1981) J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 53, 143-148], has now been purified to apparent homogeneity by a five-step procedure involving solubilization in CHAPS and sequential chromatographies on(More)
Treatment of female rats with ethinylestradiol at a dose of 60 micrograms/rat, daily for 21 days, produced marked changes in red blood cell lipids. Cholesterol was decreased by 22% and total phospholipids were increased by 13%, resulting in a 31% decrease in the cholesterol to phospholipid ratio. The mass distribution of phosphatidylcholine and(More)