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Primary infection of macaques with pathogenic isolates of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) (as a model of HIV infection in humans) represents a unique opportunity to study early lentivirus/host interactions. We sought to determine whether there is a temporal relationship linking SIV replication and dissemination and the expression of the chemokine RANTES(More)
Primary infection of macaques with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) as a model of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection represents a unique opportunity to investigate early lentivirus-host interactions. In order to gain insight into immunopathogenic events taking place in the lung during lentiviral infection, we analysed lymphocyte expansion in(More)
Sexual transmission is the major cause of the AIDS epidemic. For the development of new antiviral and vaccine strategies, we therefore need to understand the mechanisms by which lentiviruses cross the mucosal barrier and the subsequent pathogenic consequences. For this purpose, experimental approaches are greatly facilitated by the development of relevant(More)
Treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is restricted by therapeutic escape. The biological mechanisms of this chemoresistance rely notably on the modulation of cell kinase and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression. In this study, we investigated, in cynomolgus macaques, the roles of SHIV89.6P infection and of HAART in the mRNA expression of these(More)
We used semiquantitative RT-PCR to monitor the expression of mRNA encoding cytokines (IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and IL-10) and IFN-gamma in fresh isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), lymph node mononuclear cells (LNMCs), and mononuclear cells obtained after bronchoalveolar lavages (BALMCs), of four cynomolgus macaques inoculated(More)
We developed an animal model for the male-to-female transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, consisting of an atraumatic vaginal application of simian immunodeficiency virus onto the intact vaginal mucosa of cynomolgus macaques. Different doses of a pathogenic isolate of SIVmac251, with or without seminal plasma, were infused into the vaginas of female(More)
The hematological abnormalities observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients appear to be mainly due to bone marrow dysfunction. A macaque models of AIDS could greatly facilitate an in vivo approach to the pathogenesis of such dysfunction. Here, we evaluated in this model the impact of infection with a pathogenic simian/human(More)
Infection of macaques with pathogenic isolates of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) represents a useful model of HIV infection that offers the unique opportunity to investigate the very early modifications that affect CD8(+) T-lymphocyte subsets and related cytokines during lentiviral infection. Herein, three cynomolgus macaques were inoculated(More)
The targeted lymph node (TLN) immunization strategy was investigated in macaques, in order to determine the efficacy in generating secretory, systemic, and cellular immune responses, CD8+ T cell-generated suppressor factors, and beta-chemokines. TLN immunization of the rectal and genital mucosa-associated iliac lymph nodes (TILNs) was compared with axillary(More)
We have used semiquantitative RT-PCR to monitor the expression of mRNA encoding chemoattractant factors IP-10, MIP-1alpha, and IL-16 in freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), lymph node mononuclear cells (LNMCs), and mononuclear cells obtained after bronchoalveolar lavages (BALMCs) of two cynomolgus macaques inoculated intravenously(More)