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A hallmark of sun exposure is increased melanin synthesis by cutaneous melanocytes which protects against photodamage and photocarcinogenesis. Irradiation of human keratinocytes or melanocytes with ultraviolet (UV) rays stimulates the synthesis and release of alpha-melanotropin (alpha-MSH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which induce cyclic AMP(More)
Maxadilan is a potent vasodilator peptide isolated from salivary gland lysates of the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis, a vector of leishmaniasis. The peptide aids the fly in obtaining blood from the skin of its vertebrate hosts but the mammalian receptor through which this insect ligand acts was unknown. We demonstrate that maxadilan is an agonist of the(More)
Maxadilan is a vasodilatory peptide derived from sand flies that is an agonist at the pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) type 1 receptor. Surprisingly, maxadilan does not share significant sequence homology with PACAP. To examine the relationship between structure and activity of maxadilan, several amino acid substitutions and deletions(More)
Maxadilan is a potent vasodilator peptide isolated from salivary glands extracts of the hematophagous sand fly. Recently, it was demonstrated that maxadilan binds to PACAP receptor type 1 in mammals, although maxadilan has no significant amino acid sequence homology with PACAP. In the present study, we demonstrated that maxadilan is a specific agonist of(More)
We sequenced 3201 bp upstream from the ATG translation start codon of the human melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R). A number of transcriptional initiation sites were detected over a region of approximately 600 base pairs upstream of the receptor coding region. These consist of GC-rich regions, each including SP-1 consensus binding motifs. Neither a TATA nor a(More)
Maxadilan is a potent vasodilator peptide isolated from salivary gland extracts of the hematophagous sand fly. Recently, the possibility was demonstrated that maxadilan binds to PAC1 receptor (PACAP, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide type I receptor) in mammals. In the present study, we demonstrated that: (1) maxadilan specifically binds to(More)
Epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) are associated anatomically with epidermal nerves, and a product of these nerves, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), inhibits the antigen-presenting capacity of LC and macrophages. As the CGRP receptor appears to be coupled to Gs alpha protein, which in turn activates adenylate cyclase, the ability of CGRP to induce cAMP(More)
Maxadilan is a potent vasodilator peptide isolated from salivary glands of the blood feeding sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis. The peptide relaxes rabbit aortic rings in an endothelium independent manner while elevating levels of cAMP and has been found to bind to membrane homogenates from brain. These studies on tissues have now been expanded with an(More)
Maxadilan is a potent vasodilator peptide isolated from salivary glands extracts of the hematophagous sand fly. Besides effects on the cutaneous vasculature, it has also been shown to relax rabbit aortic rings while elevating levels of cAMP. As a result of the effects on the skin and aorta, it was elected to undertake an examination of the tissue(More)
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