O. Michael Colvin

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African American men experience worse prostate cancer outcomes compared with those of Caucasian men, not only in incidence and mortality rates, but also in coping with the side effects of treatment. Unfortunately, African American men have been significantly under-represented in research evaluating the efficacy of psychosocial interventions for improving(More)
PURPOSE To determine the activity, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics of irinotecan (CPT-11, Camptosar; Pharmacia & Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI) in the treatment of adults with progressive, persistent, or recurrent malignant glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with progressive or recurrent malignant gliomas were enrolled onto this study between October 1996 and(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the response to Temodal (Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, NJ) of patients with newly diagnosed malignant glioma, as well as the predictive value of quantifying tumor DNA mismatch repair activity and O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT). PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-three patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma(More)
Because hematopoietic stem cells are rich in aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, we developed a fluorescent substrate for ALDH, termed BODIPY aminoacetaldehyde (BAAA), and tested its potential for isolating primitive human hematopoietic cells. A population of cells with low orthogonal light scattering and bright fluorescence intensity (SSC(lo)ALDH(br)(More)
Busulfan is an alkylating agent that is widely used in preparative regimens for bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We developed a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) assay for the determination of plasma busulfan concentrations in 30 patients who received oral doses of 1 mg/kg. Concentrations were fit by a one-compartment pharmacokinetic model(More)
The tumor drug concentrations, drug distributions, and therapeutic efficacies achieved by three fundamentally different liposomes, nonthermosensitive liposome (NTSL), traditional thermosensitive liposome (TTSL), and low temperature sensitive liposome (LTSL); free doxorubicin (DOX); and saline in combination with hyperthermia (HT) were directly compared in a(More)
A series of bifunctional alkylators were tested against the genotypically and phenotypically heterogeneous continuous human medulloblastoma cell lines, TE-671, Daoy, and D283 Med in vitro and against TE-671 and Daoy growing as s.c. and intracranial xenografts in athymic mice. Drugs tested included melphalan, cyclophosphamide, iphosphamide,(More)
PURPOSE The major mechanism of resistance to alkylnitrosourea therapy involves the DNA repair protein O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), which removes chloroethylation or methylation damage from the O(6) position of guanine. O(6)-benzylguanine (O(6)-BG) is an AGT substrate that inhibits AGT by suicide inactivation. We conducted a phase I trial of(More)
Cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), an enzyme responsible for oxidizing intracellular aldehydes, has an important role in ethanol, vitamin A, and cyclophosphamide metabolism. High expression of this enzyme in primitive stem cells from multiple tissues, including bone marrow and intestine, appears to be an important mechanism by which these cells are(More)
This study examined the relationship between patient and partner ratings of self-efficacy for symptom control and quality of life (QOL) among 40 African American prostate cancer survivors and their intimate partners. Data analyses revealed that cancer survivors who had rated their self-efficacy for symptom control higher reported better QOL related to(More)