O. M. Efremov

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Administration of Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) in pyrogenic and subpyrogenic doses induced a depression of social and exploratory behaviour in rats. A reduction in locomotor activity only occurred with pyrogenic doses of the IL-1 beta. The low dose induced the reduction whereas the high dose the increase of anxiety in elevated plus maze. The opposite(More)
Peripheral administration of nicotinic receptor antagonists with a quaternary ammonium group (hexamethonium and chlorisondamine) did not prevent the development of seizures induced by systemic treatment with nicotine in the toxic dose. The Me3N+ group with stable positive charge inhibits transport of these compounds into the brain through the blood-brain(More)
Pure human interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), both of natural origin, were found to cause fever in rabbits when injected into the PO/AH region of the brain. The threshold dose required for this effect was between 0.4 and 4 U, equivalent to 0.04 to 0.4 ng for IL-1 beta, and around 50 U, equivalent to 0.05 ng for IL-6. From this it was(More)
The cells of the rabbit bone marrow produced endogenous pyrogen in response to stimulation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Incubation of the cells in medium No 199 containing a 15% homologous serum is optimal for the release of pyrogen. It is supposed that the cells of the bone marrow take part in the formation of endgenous pyrogen and in the mechanism(More)
The data obtained have shown that prenatal exposure of pregnant rat females of 9-19-day pregnancy to N-cholinolytics as compared to M-cholinolytics produce long-term behavioural changes in pubescent rat progeny. Pubescent rat progeny had low dynamics of gaining sexual experience and decreased sexual activity with equal disturbance of motivation and coitus.(More)
Comparative doses (100-180 ng/kg) of highly purified human native interleukin-1 beta (nIL-1 beta) and human recombinant IL-1 beta (rIL-1 beta) intravenously injected were found to cause similar changes in body temperature in rabbits. Under these conditions, stabilization of rIL-1 beta by human serum albumin (HSA) fails to affect rIL-1 beta pyrogenic(More)
Bone marrow cells of rabbits can produce endogenous pyrogen after stimulation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide. The optimal conditions for liberation of the pyrogen are incubation of the cells in medium No. 199 with the addition of 15% homologous serum. Participation of bone marrow cells in the formation of endogenous pyrogen and in the mechanism of fever(More)
Systemic intraperitoneal administration of polyamine agonist IEM-1460 containing the Me3N+ group with a stable positive charge preventing permeation of this substance through the blood-brain barrier and polyamine antagonist arcaine had no effect on the development of seizures caused by intracerebral injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate in mice. Intraperitoneal(More)
A study was made of the development of pyretic reaction to the administration of a bacterial lipopolysaccharide (pyrogenal) after preliminary treatment of rabbits with actinomycin D and cortisone. Such treatment failed to change the reactivity of thermoregulating centres to the endogenous pyrogen. Intravenous injection of bacterial pyrogen was followed by(More)