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BACKGROUND Subjects with amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) may include patients at high risk for progression to Alzheimer disease (AD) and a population with different underlying pathologic conditions. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential roles of positron emission tomography with fluorodeoxyglucose F 18 (18FDG-PET) and memory scores in identifying(More)
A kindred from South Tyrol (northern Italy) with familial, adult-onset parkinsonism of pseudo-dominant inheritance and mutations in the parkin gene was recently described. To gain insight into basal ganglia dysfunction in this form of hereditary parkinsonism, positron emission tomography (PET) with 18-fluorodopa (FDOPA) and 11C-raclopride (RAC) was(More)
The complete genomic sequence of a new virus from cherry trees was determined. Its genome is 5857 nt long and resembles that of members of the genus Luteovirus in its genomic organization and nucleotide sequence. Based on the species demarcation criteria for luteoviruses, the virus represents a new luteovirus species. Furthermore, a 47-nt-long inverted(More)
It is currently unclear whether impairment of the cholinergic system is present in Alzheimer disease (AD) already at an early stage and to what extent it depends on degeneration of the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM). We examined acetylcholine esterase activity in vivo in the nbM, the amygdala, and cerebral neocortex. Measurements were performed in normal(More)
OBJECTIVE To study awareness of cognitive dysfunction in patients with very mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS A complaint interview covering 13 cognitive domains was administered to 82 AD and 79 MCI patients and their caregivers. The patient groups were comparable according to age and education, and(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is clinically characterized by cognitive impairment and behavioral disturbances. The aim of the study was to identify regional alterations in brain function associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms in early AD. METHODS Patients underwent measures of cerebral glucose metabolism applying positron emission tomography(More)
Measurement of cerebral acetylcholine esterase (AChE) activity is of clinical interest for the differential diagnosis of memory disorders and dementia. We developed and tested a non-invasive method for quantitation of regional cortical AChE activity with carbon-11-labelled N-methyl-4-piperidyl acetate (11C-MP4A) that does not require arterial blood(More)
It is well known that myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) - Curschmann-Steinert disease - is associated with white matter lesions in the brain. Further, DM1 patients may suffer from cardiac involvement and cardioembolic strokes. We report on the unique case of an adult-onset DM1 without cardiac or vascular abnormalities presenting with stroke-like episodes. A(More)
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