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1. Measurements of membrane capacitance, as an indicator of exocytosis, and intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were used to determine the Ca2+ dependence of secretion in single pancreatic B-cells. 2. Exocytosis was dependent on a rise in [Ca2+]i and could be evoked by activation of voltage-dependent Ca2+ currents. The threshold for(More)
Inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP6), the dominant inositol phosphate in insulin-secreting pancreatic beta cells, inhibited the serine-threonine protein phosphatases type 1, type 2A, and type 3 in a concentration-dependent manner. The activity of voltage-gated L-type calcium channels is increased in cells treated with inhibitors of serine-threonine protein(More)
Kinetic analysis of cellular response to serum deprivation or inhibition of protein synthesis was performed on Swiss 3T3 cells. Time-lapse cinematographic analysis of individual cells transiently exposed to serum-free medium (with or without the addition of purified growth factors) or cycloheximide enabled a detailed mapping of the magnitude and variability(More)
Cysteine string proteins (CSPs) are novel synaptic vesicle-associated protein components characterized by an N-terminal J-domain and a central palmitoylated string of cysteine residues. The cellular localization and functional role of CSP was studied in pancreatic endocrine cells. In situ hybridization and RT-PCR analysis demonstrated CSP mRNA expression in(More)
Interaction of syntaxin 1 with the alpha(1D) subunit of the voltage-gated L type Ca(2+) channel was investigated in the pancreatic beta cell. Coexpression of the enhanced green fluorescent protein-linked alpha(1D) subunit with the enhanced blue fluorescent protein-linked syntaxin 1 and Western blot analysis together with subcellular fractionation(More)
Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is associated with the appearance of electrical activity in the pancreatic beta-cell. At intermediate glucose concentrations, beta-cell electrical activity follows a characteristic pattern of slow oscillations in membrane potential on which bursts of action potentials are superimposed. The electrophysiological background(More)
In the pancreatic beta-cell, glucose-induced membrane depolarization promotes opening of voltage-gated L-type Ca2+ channels, an increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and exocytosis of insulin. Inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase activity by ouabain leads to beta-cell membrane depolarization and Ca2+ influx. Because glucose-induced beta-cell(More)
The whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was used to characterize the biophysical and pharmacological properties of an oscillating K(+)-current that can be induced by intracellular application of GTP[gamma S] in mouse pancreatic B cells (Ammälä et al. 1991). These K+ conductance changes are evoked by periodic increases in the cytoplasmic(More)
The effects of the vasoactive perivascular neuropeptides calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), neurokinin A (NKA), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on proliferation of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were investigated. CGRP was shown to increase both cell number and DNA synthesis, whereas NKA, NPY,(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignant disease, but preoperative diagnosis remains a challenge. Fine-needle aspiration cytology has greatly improved the clinical management of thyroid nodules, but the preoperative characterisation of follicular lesions is very difficult. Many patients are thus referred to surgery more for diagnosis(More)