O Kh Koshtoiants

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Based on the findings of various authors and own experimental data it was concluded that adaptive behaviour is regulated by changing in the level of spontaneous neuronal activity. Spontaneous firing is monitored by brain metabolic M-cholinergic reaction which increased the efficacy of dendritic propagation by mechanism of K+ membrane channels blockade. High(More)
The chronic (21 days duration) administration of tricyclic antidepressant melipramine of Wistar rats strain (15 mg/kg daily, intraperitoneally) evoked weight loss of animals. The 7 days after melipramine abolition its sedative effect was observed in the "open field" test by decrease of locomotion and the number of boles. The 7 and 14 days after melipramine(More)
With the aim to reveal features of the neocortical spatiotemporal organization of potentials characteristic of different genetically predetermined emotional levels, momentary values of EEG potentials were analyzed in inbred rats of MR and MNRA strains. A topogram was described by a basic parameter such as its general level (the mean of momentary values of(More)
The pecularities of EEG changes in the rats with geneticaly different level of anxiety was studed after ethanol injection. The biopotentials spatial synchronization and entropy in the "high anxious" rats (strain MR) did not increase under low dose; on the contrary the above changes were characteristic for the rats without anxiety signs (strain MNRA). After(More)
Multiparametric EEG analysis (840 parameters) was performed for 24 points over the entire dorsal cerebral cortex in outbred rats intraperitoneally injected with ethanol in low (0.75 g/kg), medium (2.0 g/kg), and high subnarcotic (4.5 g/kg) doses. Acute intoxication with low ethanol doses led to an increase in the spectral power and coherence in the(More)
Effect of the anxiolytic drugs afobazole, diazepam, and chlordiazepoxide on the cortical biopotential coherency was studied in MR and MNRA rats with increased and decreased level of emotionality, respectively. Afobazole increased a difference in the biopotential coherency between rats of the two lines in the range of EEG theta, alpha, and beta rhythms. In(More)
The features of the EEG spatial organization in two rat strains, i.e., with expressed emotional reactions (Maudsley reactive, MR) and less reactive (Maudsley nonreactive, MNR) were compared in two stress situations: during exposure to the action of pain (P) (i.p. injection of 0.9% NaCl solution) and during 24-hour water deprivation (D). Multichannel EEG(More)
Effect of the new antimigraine drug tropoxin on the EEG profile was studied in MR and MNRA rats with genetically determined high and low levels of emotionality, respectively. In MR rats, tropoxin decreased the number of the bioelectric activity parameters changed by the stressor action (0.9% NaCl, i.p.). The drug reduced the spectral power in the EEG delta(More)
Effect of the central M-cholinolytic scopolamine on spatial organization of the rat brain electrical activity was studied under conditions of high and low emotional-stress responses. The EEG changes were estimated by 840 parameters. A possibility of the EEG discrimination by means of interstrain differences in responses to scopolamine, was shown. A more(More)
In order to study the possibility of EEG discrimination of genetically determined emotionality (increased propensity to emotional and stress reactions and anxiety) brain electrical activity was recorded in rats of two strains: Maudsley Reactive and Maudsley Nonreactive (24 derivations from the convexital skull surface were used). The program package(More)