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It has been shown previously that height growth and bud phenology are influenced by the temperature during zygotic embryogenesis in Picea abies. To test whether this phenomenon operates within individual plants, clones produced through somatic embryogenesis were used. Seeds were from a full-sib family produced in both a cold (outdoor) and a warm (inside a(More)
The goal of the present study was to investigate whether seedlings of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) from a frost tolerant progeny (P2), were more drought tolerant than seedlings from a less frost tolerant progeny (P1). Progenies differing in freezing tolerance were identified by exposing seedlings in autumn in a large-scale trial to temperatures(More)
Seedlings of trees with a free growth pattern cease growth when night-lengths become shorter than a critical value, and this critical night-length (CNL) decreases with increasing latitude of origin. In northern populations, the light quality also appears to play an important role and a clinal variation in requirement for far-red (FR) light has been(More)
Cold deacclimation and preparation to flushing likely requires rehydration of meristems. Therefore, water stress related genes, such as dehydrins (DHN), might play an important role in providing protection during winter dormancy, deacclimation and bud burst timing processes. Here we report the sequence analysis of several Norway spruce DHN identified in(More)
Sermatozoa from two brothers who are not twins were found to be straight and immotile. Examinations of the sperm showed that oxygen consumption and lactic acid production were normal; viability tests showed that the percentage of dead sperm was not increased. The ultrastructural appearance of the sperm tail was normal except for a complete lack of dynein(More)
Detailed knowledge of temperature effects on the timing of dormancy development and bud burst will help evaluate the impacts of climate change on forest trees. We tested the effects of temperature applied during short-day treatment, duration of short-day treatment, duration of chilling and light regime applied during forcing on the timing of bud burst in 1-(More)
Adaptive traits in Picea abies (Norway spruce) progenies are influenced by the maternal temperatures during seed production. Here, we have extended these studies by testing the effects of maternal photoperiod and temperature on phenology and frost hardiness on progenies. Using eight phytotron rooms, seeds from three unrelated crosses were made in an(More)
Two experiments were designed to test possible effects of photoperiod and temperature during microsporogensis to anthesis on early autumn frost-hardiness of Picea abies progenies. Pollen lots were produced in phytotron rooms and used in crosses in a seed orchard. No biologically important differences in progeny performance were evident either between high(More)
Expression of selected genes in needles of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst) was investigated by following their transcription levels during late autumn. Transcription was assessed in mature needles which likely serve as sensor of environmental cues that enable trees in the temperate and boreal regions to change between stages of growth, frost(More)
We report here the complete genomic nucleotide sequence for the Atlantic salmon growth-hormone gene (asGH), including 600 bp of 5' flanking sequences. The primary transcription (3651 nt) is significantly longer than that of the mammalian genes, mainly because of larger intron sizes, but also because the asGH gene contains an additional intron (intron 5).(More)