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In a study of 18 patients with manic symptomatology and 31 patients with melancholic symptomatology the Bech-Rafaelsen Mania Scale (BRMS) and the Hamilton Depression Scale (HDS) have been compared. The results showed that the inter-observer reliability of the BRMS was adequate compared with the HDS. Both scales are constructed for assessing the severity of(More)
A group of 50 long-term lithium-treated outpatients were investigated with psychological examinations in order to study cognitive and emotional functions (memory, attention, speed, loss of effort, level of processing, productivity, and reactivity). The test results were compared with the general norms for the test applied. In average the test results were(More)
GBR 12909 selectively blocks dopamine uptake and its biochemical and pharmacological profiles suggest that it may possess antidepressant activity and be of value in treatment of Parkinson's disease. The tolerance, pharmacokinetics and influence on psychomotor performance of GBR 12909 were investigated in a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study.(More)
Lumbar CSF concentration of 5-HIAA, MHPG, and HVA were measured in patients with depression, dementia due to normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and in controls. Moreover, ventricular concentrations of the metabolites were measured in patients with NPH. It was aimed to match patients and controls for age, sex, and body height. Non-parametric statistics were(More)
In the present study the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS), originally constructed for patients with neurotic anxiety, has been applied to patients with diagnosis of depressive disorders. The inter-rater reliability and homogeneity are evaluated and total scale score has been correlated to the Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale (BRMES). Twenty-two patients entered(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the desired and undesired effects of relapse-preventive lithium treatment given routinely to manic-melancholic patients who had accepted the necessity of a strict tablet regime. The evaluation was based upon case record data and various rating scales, and 76 patients took part in the investigation. Our results(More)
By use of standardized case-recording criteria (MULTI-CLAD) manic-melancholic patients were classified as unipolar (n = 13) and bipolar (n = 23). Personality patterns are evaluated when patients were in neutral mood (defined by low symptom rating scale scores). Results showed that the similarities in the personality patterns of unipolars and bipolars were(More)
Continuous reaction time performance was measured in groups of normal controls, psychiatric controls and patients treated with lithium. The reaction times were slower for the patients treated with lithium compared to both groups of controls, but the performance was not impaired to the same degree as in patients with various forms of cerebral dysfunction.(More)