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1. In four Java monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) 152 vestibular neurones were recorded in the parietal cortex located in the upper bank of the lateral sulcus near the posterior end of the insula. We called this region parieto-insular vestibular cortex (PIVC). PIVC extends about 6-8 mm in the anterior-posterior direction from the posterior part of the insula(More)
Very different areas of the primate cortex have been labelled as 'vestibular'. However, no clear concept has emerged as to where and how the vestibular information is processed in the cerebral cortex. On the basis of data from single-unit recordings and tracer studies, the present article gives statistical evidence of the existence of a well-defined(More)
1. One hundred and fifty-two vestibularly activated neurones were recorded in the parieto-insular vestibular cortex (PIVC) of four awake Java monkeys (Macaca fascicularis): sixty-two were tested systematically with visual stimulation and seventy-nine were tested with various somatosensory stimuli. With very few exceptions all vestibular neurones tested(More)
The distribution of cortical efferent connections to brainstem vestibular nuclei was quantitatively analysed by means of retrograde tracer substances injected into different electrophysiologically identified parts of the brainstem vestibular nuclear complex of five Java monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Three polysensory vestibular areas were found to have a(More)
The cortical connections of two vestibular fields [parieto-insular vestibular cortex (PIVC) and area 3aV] were studied in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) by means of retrograde tracer techniques. Small iontophoretic or pressure injections of horseradish peroxidase (HRP), wheat-germ-HRP, Nuclear Yellow, and Fast Blue were administered to the(More)
In three different experimental series, electroencephalographic responses evoked by changes in pictorial patterns were recorded in 29 adult human subjects (19 females, 10 males). Quantitative data evaluation for the evoked responses from electrodes T5, T6, Cz, Pz (10-20 system) was performed. The stimuli were projected to a 4 x 6 degree binocularly viewed(More)
Intracellular responses of horizontal cells in the retina were recorded from the intact eye in situ of anesthetized and paralyzed cats. The responses to large (15 X 15 degrees) high modulation (0.6-0.9) photopic (140-200 cd/m2) sinewave light stimuli could be grouped unequivocally into three distinct classes on the basis of the critical flicker frequency(More)
Single- and multiple-unit recordings were made from nerve cells located in the different nuclei of the brainstem vestibular nuclear complex (VNC) of anaesthetized squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) by conventional stereotaxic techniques. After neurons responding to semicircular canal stimulation in a yaw, roll, or pitch direction or to otholith stimulation(More)
1. Neurons activated by stimulation of the horizontal and/or vertical vestibular semicircular canals were recorded in the parietoinsular vestibular cortex in four awake Java monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) and three squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). Steady tilt in darkness or during illumination of a vertically striped cylinder or of the normal laboratory(More)
By means of d.c.-electrooculography or the electromagnetic search coil technique, horizontal and vertical eye position signals were recorded in subjects (head fixed) attentively pursuing a rotating dot circle (dot distance Ps = 0.8 or 1.0 deg). In addition, circular eye pursuit movements were evoked by sigma-movement seen when the stationary dot circle was(More)