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Members of the IFN regulatory factor (IRF) family regulate gene expression critical to immune response, hemopoiesis, and proliferation. Although related by homology at their N-terminal DNA-binding domain, they display individual functional properties. The distinct properties result from differences in regulated expression, response to activating signals,(More)
D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (D-2HGA) is a hereditary metabolic disorder characterized by the elevated levels of D-2-hydroxyglutaric acid (D-2HG) in urine, plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. About half of the patients have autosomal recessive mutations in D-2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase (D2HGDH) gene. To analyze the origin of D-2HG in D2HGDH-depleted cells,(More)
An apoptotic cellular defense mechanism is triggered in response to viral dsRNA generated during the course of infection by many DNA and RNA viruses. We demonstrate that apoptosis induced by dsRNA or a paramyxovirus is independent of the action of interferon as it can proceed in a variety of cell lines and primary cells deficient in an interferon response.(More)
The retinoic acid-related orphan nuclear receptor γt (RORγt)/RORγ2 is well known as a master regulator of interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing helper T (Th17) cell development. To develop a therapeutic agent against Th17-mediated autoimmune diseases, we screened chemical compounds and successfully found that digoxin inhibited IL-17 production. Further studies(More)
Trehalose is the main haemolymph sugar in many insect species. To be utilized trehalose must be hydrolysed into its glucose units by trehalase (EC 3.2.1.28). Inhibitors of trehalase have attracted interest as possible pesticides and tools for studying the regulation of trehalose metabolism in insects. To make full use of these inhibitors requires knowledge(More)
The main blood sugar of locusts is trehalose, which is hydrolysed to two glucose units by trehalase. Homogenates of locust flight muscles are rich in trehalase activity, which is bound to membranes. A minor fraction of trehalase is in an overt form while the remainder is latent, i.e. active only after impairing membrane integrity. Trehazolin, an antibiotic(More)
K-Ras is frequently mutated and activated especially in pancreatic cancers. To analyze K-Ras function, we have searched for K-Ras interacting proteins and found IQ motif containing GTPase activating protein 1 (IQGAP1) as a novel K-Ras binding protein. IQGAP1 has been known as a scaffold protein for B-Raf, MEK1/2 and ERK1/2. Here we showed that IQGAP1(More)
Trehalase (EC 3.2.1.28) hydrolyzes the main haemolymph sugar of insects, trehalose, into the essential cellular substrate glucose. Trehalase in locust flight muscle is bound to membranes that appear in the microsomal fraction upon tissue fractionation, but the exact location in vivo has remained elusive. Trehalase has been proposed to be regulated by a(More)
Synerazol, a new antifungal antibiotic, was isolated from cultured broth of Aspergillus fumigatus SANK 10588. The structure was determined based on NMR and mass spectral evidences. Synerazol was found to be a related substance to pseurotin A. Synerazol was active against Candida albicans and other fungi, and showed marked synergistic activity with(More)