O. G. Chernaya

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The primary function of the mammalian lung is to facilitate diffusion of oxygen to venous blood and to ventilate carbon dioxide produced by catabolic reactions within cells. However, it is also responsible for a variety of other important functions, including host defense and production of vasoactive agents to regulate not only systemic blood pressure, but(More)
Regulation of gene transcription in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by serum response factor (SRF) plays a crucial role in vascular development and in the pathophysiology of vascular diseases. Nevertheless, the regulation of specific genes by SRF in vascular diseases is poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the regulation of smooth muscle(More)
Many tumors are stiffer than their surrounding tissue. This increase in stiffness has been attributed, in part, to a Rho-dependent elevation of myosin II light chain phosphorylation. To characterize this mechanism further, we studied myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), the main enzyme that phosphorylates myosin II light chains. We anticipated that increases(More)
In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic inflammation and oxidative/nitrosative stress induce caveolin 1 (Cav-1) degradation, providing an underlying mechanism of endothelial cell activation/dysfunction and pulmonary vascular remodeling in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). We observed reduced Cav-1 protein(More)
von Willebrand factor (vWF) secretion by endothelial cells (ECs) is essential for hemostasis and thrombosis; however, the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Interestingly, we observed increased bleeding in EC-Gα13(-/-);Gα12(-/-) mice that could be normalized by infusion of human vWF. Blood from Gα12(-/-) mice exhibited significantly reduced vWF(More)
In this study we used invasion and tubulogenesis assays to measure the morphogenetic potential of primary human keratinocytes in vitro. We also used human embryonic and dermal fibroblasts in coculture with keratinocytes and compared their influence on keratinocyte behavior in these different cell culture systems. The keratinocytes retained morphogenetic(More)
Nitrate tolerance developed after persistent nitroglycerin (GTN) exposure limits its clinical utility. Previously, we have shown that the vasodilatory action of GTN is dependent on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS/NOS3) activity. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is known to interact with NOS3 on the cytoplasmic side of cholesterol-enriched plasma membrane(More)
We studied kinetics and role of keratinocyte proliferation in the process of cysto- and tubulogenesis of human postnatal epidermal keratinocytes in collagen gel. The influence of media conditioned by embryonic and postnatal fibroblasts on morphogenesis has been comparatively analyzed. We studied the influence of proliferation inhibitors and inductors on(More)
We studied formation of epithelial cysts during cultivation of the primary keratinocytes in a collagen gel. Two stages—epithelial spheroid and cysts—can be recognized in the histogenesis process. Keratinocyte migration prevails at the initial stages of morphogenesis. The stage of spheroid can be described by active cell proliferation. Stratification of(More)
The existence and identity of multipotent stem cells in the adult lung is currently highly debated. At present, it remains unclear whether candidate stem/progenitor cells are located in the airways, alveoli, or throughout the epithelial lining of the lung. Here, we introduce a method of airway microdissection, which enabled us to study the progenitor(More)