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The effects of four anti-GM2 monoclonal antibodies (DMAb-1, DMAb-2, DMAb-3, and DMAb-5) were studied on spheroid cultures from a human glioma cell line (D-54 MG) that is known to express high levels of GM2. The spheroids developed central necrosis 48 h after antibody exposures at concentrations greater than 6 micrograms/ml. No necrosis was found with(More)
Malignant human gliomas are characterized by an uncontrolled cell proliferation and infiltrative growth within the brain. Complete surgical removal is difficult due to disseminated tumour cells, and the fundamental mechanisms responsible for this spread are poorly understood. An extensive tumour cell movement along blood vessels is frequently observed and(More)
The invasiveness of human intracranial tumours was studied in an organ culture system. Biopsies from six glioblastomas, four astrocytomas, two mixed gliomas, one ependymoma, four meningiomas and two carcinoma metastases were cut into fragments of 0.5 mm diameter, and placed in agar overlay tissue culture. The tumour specimens formed spheroids which were(More)
Multicellular tumor spheroids were directly initiated in vitro from the biopsy specimens of a patient who is alive and who has had no neurological changes in 7 years after the gross removal of a glioblastoma. The spheroids were studied alone and in confrontation with aggregates of fetal rat brain tissue. Both in the biopsy and in the tumor spheroids, a very(More)
Invasion of spheroids from 20 human primary glioblastomas into precultured fetal rat brain tissue in culture has been studied and quantified. Between 30 and 98 percent of the normal brain tissue was destroyed by invading glioma cells within 4 days. The degree of invasion did not correlate with patient survival. A slightly higher invasiveness and shorter(More)
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