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This study demonstrated the involvement of the tumor suppressor protein p53 in differentiation and programmed cell death of neurons and oligodendrocytes, two cell types that leave the mitotic cycle early in development and undergo massive-scale cell death as the nervous system matures. We found that primary cultures of rat oligodendrocytes and neurons, as(More)
Tissue-type transglutaminases (TGases) were recently shown to exert dual enzymatic activities; they catalyze the posttranslational modification of proteins by transamidation, and they also act as guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase). Here we show that a tissue-type TGase is expressed in rat brain astrocytes in vitro, and is induced by the(More)
A covalent dimer of interleukin (IL)-2, produced in vitro by the action of a nerve-derived transglutaminase, has been shown previously to be cytotoxic to mature rat brain oligodendrocytes. Here we report that this cytotoxic effect operates via programmed cell death (apoptosis) and that the p53 tumor suppressor gene is involved directly in the process. The(More)
Double-stranded cDNA synthesized from total polyadenylate-containing mRNA extracted from monkey kidney cells infected with canine distemper virus (CDV) was cloned into the PstI site of Escherichia coli plasmid pBR322. Clones containing CDV DNA were identified by hybridization to a CDV-specific 32P-labeled cDNA. A cDNA clone containing an insert 1,700 base(More)
Double-stranded cDNA synthesized from total polyadenylate-containing mRNA, extracted from monkey kidney cells infected with canine distemper virus (CDV), has been cloned into the PstI site of Escherichia coli plasmid pBR322. Clones containing canine distemper virus DNA were identified by hybridization to a canine distemper virus-specific, 32P-labeled cDNA.(More)
Genes whose expression patterns are altered in a cell line immortalized by mutant p53 were isolated by differential screening of a cDNA library. Levels of alpha 1 (I) collagen mRNA were reduced in the majority of immortalized cell lines which greatly overproduced the transfected mutant p53. This may reflect a co-selection during the establishment of the(More)
Cytokines have been suggested to be involved in the cross talk between the immune and the nervous systems, under normal and pathological conditions. For example, the cytokine interleukin-2 was suggested to be involved in response to CNS trauma and spontaneous regeneration. Here, we examined whether mammalian CNS has an intrinsic potential to produce(More)
An interleukin-2 dimer, produced enzymatically by a nerve-derived transglutaminase in vitro, is cytotoxic to oligodendrocytes, unlike the immune-derived monomeric interleukin-2. The object of this study was to establish a way to produce a dimer of interleukin-2 in quantities, by means of genetic engineering, and to confirm that the structure of the(More)
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