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Tubulin polymerization into microtubules is a dynamic process, with the equilibrium between growth and shrinkage being essential for many cellular processes. The antineoplastic agent taxol hyperstabilizes polymerized microtubules, leading to mitotic arrest and cytotoxicity in proliferating cells. Using a sensitive filtration-calorimetric assay to detect(More)
Mevinolin, a fungal metabolite, was isolated from cultures of Aspergillus terreus. The structure and absolute configuration of mevinolini and its open acid form, mevinolinic acid, were determined by a combination of physical techniques. Mevinolin was shown to be 1,2,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-beta,(More)
Three closely related fungal metabolites, zaragozic acids A, B, and C, that are potent inhibitors of squalene synthase have been isolated and characterized. Zaragozic acids A, B, and C were produced from an unidentified sterile fungal culture, Sporormiella intermedia, and Leptodontium elatius, respectively. The structures of the zaragozic acids and their(More)
A novel nortriterpene, termed correolide, purified from the tree Spachea correae, inhibits Kv1.3, a Shaker-type delayed rectifier potassium channel present in human T lymphocytes. Correolide inhibits 86Rb+ efflux through Kv1.3 channels expressed in CHO cells (IC50 86 nM; Hill coefficient 1) and displays a defined structure-activity relationship. Potency in(More)
The isolation of difficidin (1) and oxydifficidin (2) from fermentation broth of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 39320 and the physico-chemical characterization of these labile antibiotics are described. The structures of the compounds represent a new class of antibiotics, characterized as highly unsaturated 22-membered macrolide phosphates. Difficidin and(More)
We have identified a novel nonsteroidal ecdysteroid agonist. This compound was isolated from a methanol extract of Ajuga reptans L. (Lamiaceae) and the structure was identified by spectroscopic methods as 8-O-acetylharpagide. We have characterised this compound as an ecdysteroid agonist in a transactivation assay using beta-galactosidase as the reporter(More)
A new, potent hypocholesterolemic agent is produced by cultures of Aspergillus terreus. The isolation of the compound and its characterization as 4a,5-dihydromevinolin containing a trans-fused octahydro-naphthalene system are described. Comparative data for dihydromevinolin and mevinolin in three biological assays are given: in vitro inhibition of HMG-CoA(More)
Cochinmicins I, II, and III are competitive endothelin antagonists produced by Microbispora sp. ATCC 55140. The cochinmicins are cyclic depsipeptides containing six alpha-amino acids and a pyrrolecarboxylic acid. Based upon MS, 1D and 2D NMR, and LC data, the structures and absolute stereochemistries of the cochinmicins have been assigned. All three(More)