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BACKGROUND Breast cancer remains the leading cause of female cancer death despite improvements in treatment and screening. Screening is often criticized for leading to overdiagnosis and overtreatment. However, few have attempted to identify overdiagnosed cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS A large, consecutive series of patients treated for primary operable,(More)
Steroid receptors have been around in the field of breast cancer for decades now. Still, controversy remains on how best to report steroid receptors. In this review, we will convince the reader why benefits outweigh pitfalls, when reporting steroid receptors in a quantitative rather than qualitative way. Summarizing decades of research in this field, we(More)
Axillary lymph node involvement is an important prognostic factor for breast cancer survival but is confounded by the number of nodes examined. We compare the performance of the log odds prognostic index (Lpi), using a ratio of the positive versus negative lymph nodes, with the Nottingham Prognostic Index (NPI) for short-term breast cancer specific disease(More)
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