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OBJECTIVES We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic value of morphologic abnormalities of the T wave (mainly notched or biphasic T waves) in patients affected by the idiopathic long QT syndrome. BACKGROUND In the long QT syndrome, these abnormalities in T wave morphology are often observed and are of uncertain significance. METHODS The T wave(More)
Although human baroreflexes are known to exert a powerful physiological control on heart rate, little information exists on the physiological control they exert on the atrioventricular conduction system. In 11 normotensive subjects with normal atrioventricular conduction, we altered baroreceptor activity by injection of pressor and depressor drugs(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of episodes of ST-segment depression in a population of consecutive patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension who are free of clinical signs of coronary artery disease. METHODS The study involved 28 Italian centers that enrolled 414 hypertensive patients (aged 50-70 years; diastolic blood pressure > or =(More)
This study addresses the question of the choice of treatment for the individual patient with chronic ventricular arrhythmias. Acute oral drug testing offers a pragmatic approach to the rapid selection of the drug with the best efficacy/side-effect ratio by allowing multiple comparisons within the same patient. Forty patients with chronic ventricular(More)
To evaluate the antiarrhythmic effect of reflex-induced vagal activation, phenylephrine was infused in 17 patients with frequent ventricular premature complexes (VPCs). The role of heart rate reduction in suppressing VPCs was explored by pacing the atria at the preinfusion levels. Baroreceptor activation was considered effective when a greater than or equal(More)
The long-term efficacy and safety of flecainide (100 to 200 mg twice a day) were evaluated in 21 patients with high-grade, chronic ventricular arrhythmias who responded to and tolerated flecainide at a preliminary evaluation (200 mg, single oral dose). Antiarrhythmic response was evaluated at 3 days and 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The mean follow-up was 25(More)
Several studies in animals and in man have suggested that the inhibitory influence of baroreceptors on heart rate and peripheral circulation is enhanced by digitalis. Because the atrio-ventricular node represents a key site for the clinical action of digitalis we studied how baroreceptor control of atrio-ventricular conduction is modified by digitalis at(More)
The antiarrhythmic efficacy of a new class I agent, penticainide, was evaluated by acute oral drug testing and compared in the same patient population with the efficacy of disopyramide, flecainide, mexiletine and propafenone. Twenty-five patients with high-grade chronic ventricular arrhythmias entered the study. During acute oral drug testing, penticainide(More)