O. A. Bushneva

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Arabinogalactan and pectin (named silenan) were isolated from Silene vulgaris (M.) G. callus. Fractionation by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and digestion with pectinase demonstrated that silenan from S. vulgaris callus (80% of D-galacturonic acid) and silenan from the aerial part of the campion S. vulgaris are similar: both pectins contain(More)
The effects of the polysaccharides isolated from the intact plant (pectic polysaccharides P1, P2 and P3) and from the callus (acidic arabinogalactan C1 and pectin C2) of Silene vulgaris on phagocytic activity were studied in relation to an uptaking capacity and a myeloperoxidase activity of the peripheral human neutrophils and monocytes and rat peritoneal(More)
Galacturonan, the main constituent of the backbone (core) of the comaruman macromolecule, a pectin from the marsh cinquefoil Comarum palustre L., was obtained on partial acid hydrolysis of the pectin. Using atomic force microscopy and methylation analysis of the galacturonan, the backbone of the comaruman macromolecule was shown to contain branches as side(More)
Pectin with [α] D 20 +192° (c 0.1; water), named comaruman, was isolated from marsh cinquefoil Comarum palustre L., which is widespread in the European North. The sugar chain of comaruman contains residues of D-galacturonic acid (64%), D-galactose (13%), L-rhamnose (12%), L-arabinose (6%), and trace amounts of xylose and glucose. Partial acid hydrolysis and(More)
A pectin polysaccharide named bergenan was isolated from the freshly collected leaves of the leather bergenia Bergenia crassifolia by extraction with an aqueous solution of ammonium oxalate. The main component of its carbohydrate chain was shown to be the residues of D-galacturonic acid (about 80%). In addition, the polysaccharide contains the residues of(More)
Silenan SV, a pectic polysaccharide, was isolated from the aerial part of Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garke (Oberna behen (L.) Ikonn.), widespread through the European North of Russia. The polysaccharide was found to contain residues of galacturonic acid (63%), arabinose, galactose, and rhamnose as the main constituents. The results of a partial acidic(More)
Silenan, a pectin polysaccharide from common catchfly (Silene vulgaris), corrects disorders in the conduction of action potentials between cells of the sinoatrial area of frog heart forming a functional syncytium. Recovery of action potential conduction in the sinoatrial cells was recorded in long-term experiments (>8 h). The effect of silenan manifested(More)
A pectic polysaccharide named silenan, [α]D 20 +148.6° (c 0.1; H2O), was isolated earlier from the aerial part of campion, Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke. Silenan has been shown to contain homogalacturonan segments as “smooth regions” and rhamnogalacturonan fragments as “hairy regions”. The present study reveals a generalization of structural features of(More)
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