Oľga Pecháňová

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We aimed to perform a chemical analysis of both Alibernet red wine and an alcohol-free Alibernet red wine extract (AWE) and to investigate the effects of AWE on nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species production as well as blood pressure development in normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Total antioxidant capacity(More)
Natural polyphenols have been reported to exert beneficial effects in preventing cardiovas-cular diseases but their neuroprotective mechanisms were studied much less. The review is focused on biochemical pathways and molecular neuroprotective mechanisms of natural polyphenols in the brain particularly; of course in close relation to neurophysiological and(More)
Considering the adverse effects of DL-homocysteine thiolactone hydrochloride (DL-Hcy TLHC) on vascular function and the possible role of oxidative stress in these mechanisms, the aim of this study was to assess the influence of DL-Hcy TLHC alone and in combination with specific inhibitors of important gasotransmitters, such as L-NAME, DL-PAG, and PPR IX, on(More)
The imbalance between nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production appears to be a common feature of experimental and human hypertension. Previously, different antioxidants and/or scavengers of oxygen free radicals were shown to activate nitric oxide synthase (NO synthase, NOS) and to increase the expression of both endothelial and(More)
Microparticles are membrane vesicles with pro-inflammatory properties. Circulating levels of microparticles have previously been found to be elevated in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of in vivo treatment with microparticles, from patients with MetS and from healthy subjects (HS), on ex vivo vascular(More)
Angiogenesis is critical to tumor growth as well as to metastases. This process is tightly regulated by pro- and anti-angiogenic growth factors and their receptors. Some of these factors are highly specific for the endothelium—e.g., vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). A variety of drugs that target VEGF or its receptors have been developed for the(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor - apocynin (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone) on the increase of systolic blood pressure (SBP) in borderline (BHR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Young 6-week-old male BHR (offspring of SHR dams and Wistar Kyoto sires) and SHR were treated with apocynin (30(More)
Exposure of rats to continuous light attenuates melatonin production and results in hypertension development. This study investigated whether hypertension induced by continuous light (24 hours/day) exposure induces heart and aorta remodelling and if these alterations are prevented by melatonin or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril. Four(More)
The pineal hormone, melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), shows potent receptor-dependent and -independent actions, which participate in blood pressure regulation. The antihypertensive effect of melatonin was demonstrated in experimental and clinical hypertension. Receptor-dependent effects are mediated predominantly through MT1 and MT2 G-protein(More)
In the brain, NF-κB has been implicated in both normal processes of synaptic plasticity and memory as well as in pathological mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease or Alzheimer's disease. The involvement of nitric oxide in the learning, memory, behavioral processes, cognition but also in neurodegenerative(More)