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We aimed to perform a chemical analysis of both Alibernet red wine and an alcohol-free Alibernet red wine extract (AWE) and to investigate the effects of AWE on nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species production as well as blood pressure development in normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Total antioxidant capacity(More)
Natural polyphenols have been reported to exert beneficial effects in preventing cardiovas-cular diseases but their neuroprotective mechanisms were studied much less. The review is focused on biochemical pathways and molecular neuroprotective mechanisms of natural polyphenols in the brain particularly; of course in close relation to neurophysiological and(More)
Hereditary hypertriglyceridemic (hHTG) rats are characterized by increased blood pressure and impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation of conduit arteries. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of long-term (4 weeks) treatment of hHTG rats with three drugs which, according to their mechanism of action, may be able to modify the endothelial(More)
In the brain, NF-κB has been implicated in both normal processes of synaptic plasticity and memory as well as in pathological mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease or Alzheimer's disease. The involvement of nitric oxide in the learning, memory, behavioral processes, cognition but also in neurodegenerative(More)
Considering the adverse effects of DL-homocysteine thiolactone hydrochloride (DL-Hcy TLHC) on vascular function and the possible role of oxidative stress in these mechanisms, the aim of this study was to assess the influence of DL-Hcy TLHC alone and in combination with specific inhibitors of important gasotransmitters, such as L-NAME, DL-PAG, and PPR IX, on(More)
Angiogenesis is critical to tumor growth as well as to metastases. This process is tightly regulated by pro- and anti-angiogenic growth factors and their receptors. Some of these factors are highly specific for the endothelium—e.g., vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). A variety of drugs that target VEGF or its receptors have been developed for the(More)
It became evident in the present study that carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)), in addition to its known liver and renal toxicity, causes serious damage to endothelial cells. The preventive effect of red wine on cardiovascular diseases has been documented in a number of human population studies as well as in animal experimental models. In this study, the(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor - apocynin (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyacetophenone) on the increase of systolic blood pressure (SBP) in borderline (BHR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Young 6-week-old male BHR (offspring of SHR dams and Wistar Kyoto sires) and SHR were treated with apocynin (30(More)
The imbalance between nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production appears to be a common feature of experimental and human hypertension. Previously, different antioxidants and/or scavengers of oxygen free radicals were shown to activate nitric oxide synthase (NO synthase, NOS) and to increase the expression of both endothelial and(More)
Exposure of rats to continuous light attenuates melatonin production and results in hypertension development. This study investigated whether hypertension induced by continuous light (24 hours/day) exposure induces heart and aorta remodelling and if these alterations are prevented by melatonin or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril. Four(More)