Nyresa C. Alves

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In this study, we show robust nicotinic excitation of pyramidal neurons in layer VI of prefrontal cortex. This layer contains the corticothalamic neurons, which gate thalamic activity and play a critical role in attention. Our experiments tested nicotinic excitation across postnatal development, using whole-cell recordings in prefrontal brain slices from(More)
The acoustic startle reflex is strongly inhibited by a moderate-intensity acoustic stimulus that precedes the startling stimulus by roughly 10-1000 ms (prepulse inhibition, PPI). At long interstimulus intervals (ISIs) of 100-1000 ms, PPI in rats is reduced by the muscarinic receptor antagonist scopolamine. Here, we studied the role of GABA receptors in PPI(More)
BACKGROUND Nicotinic signaling in prefrontal layer VI pyramidal neurons is important to the function of mature attention systems. The normal incorporation of α5 subunits into α4β2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptors augments nicotinic signaling in these neurons and is required for normal attention performance in adult mice. However, the role of α5 subunits(More)
Whole-mount preparations of urinary bladders stained with a modified Giemsa technique were obtained from three rodent species (Guinea-pig, Calomys callosus and the C57/BLJ isogenic mouse) to identify and estimate the relative number and size of ganglionic neurons within the wall of the organ. The distribution of the ganglia was not uniform among the three(More)
BACKGROUND There is a large sex difference in the prevalence of attention deficit disorder; yet, relatively little is known about sex differences in the development of prefrontal attention circuitry. In male rats, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors excite corticothalamic neurons in layer VI, which are thought to play an important role in attention by gating(More)
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