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Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a potent proinflammatory chemokine that plays an important role in inflammation by activating and recruiting neutrophils, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. To demonstrate the effect of intracellular Ca(2+) on IL-8 production and related signaling, we stimulated human mast cell line HMC-1 with either calcium ionophore A23187 or(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the major polyphenol component of green tea and is primarily responsible for the green tea effect. EGCG possesses two triphenolic groups in its structure. These groups are reported to be important with respect to anticarcinogenic and antioxidant effects. However, the anti-inflammatory effect of EGCG on Alzheimer's(More)
In the present study, we investigated the signal transduction pathways of expression of IL-6 in the desferrioxamine (DFX)-stimulated cochlear auditory cell line, HEI-OC1 cells. DFX increased the expression of HIF-1alpha and NF-kappaB in HEI-OC1 cells. DFX significantly increased the production of IL-6 (P<0.05) and expression of IL-6 mRNA but did not affect(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is endogenously generated from L-cysteine (L-Cys) by the enzymes cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-Lyase (CSE). Hydrogen sulfide is also produced from D-cysteine (D-Cys) by D-Amino acid oxidase (DAO). METHODS The H2 S production was measured by the methylene blue assay. The expression of DAO was(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of angiogenesis. The iron-chelator desferrioxamine (DFX) increased the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha in the hair cell line, HEI-OC1. The increased VEGF production by DFX was inhibited by iron. DFX also induced the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) on(More)
We investigated the effect of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) on mast cell-mediated immediate-type hypersensitivity. DSCG inhibited systemic allergic reaction induced by compound 48/80 dose-dependently. Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis was inhibited by 71.6% by oral administration of DSCG (1 g/kg). When DSCG was pretreated at concentration rang from 0.01-1000(More)
The Scrophularia buergeriana (SB) has long been used to treat various diseases an account of its antimicrobial and anti-virus activity. However, it is unclear how SB regulates the immune responses. This study investigated the effect of SB on the production of cytokines in a human T-cell line, MOLT-4 cells, and mouse peritoneal macrophages. The MOLT-4 cells(More)
Sasang constitutional medicine is a major branch of Korean traditional oriental medicine. Constitutions of Sasang medicine refer to Taeyangin, Taeumin, Soyangin, and Soumin. The differences of disease severity to be shown in the constitution may be due to genetic factors. Therefore, we examined interrelationship among cerebral infarction, CI, angiotensin(More)
BACKGROUND The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a role in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases. This system was recently found to be completely expressed in human adipose tissue. Especially angiotensin II, the active component of RAS, may affect adipogenesis and adipocyte metabolism. We examined whether obese and non-obese subjects differ from(More)
Effects of the ethanol extract of Cichorium intybus (CIEE) on the immunotoxicity of ethanol (EtOH) were investigated in ICR mice. Mice were divided into four groups, and CIEE at dose of 300 mg/kg was orally administered to mice daily for 28 consecutive days, and normal mice were given vehicle. Mice treated with EtOH were given freely with 20% w/v EtOH(More)