Nuzhat Hassan

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine frequency of thyroid incidentalomas (TI) through ultrasound (US) and its association with age, gender and ethnicities. METHODS It was a cross-sectional study. Total 269 adults who were asymptomatic for thyroid disease aged 21 years and above underwent ultrasound examination of their thyroid. RESULTS(More)
The bone age of a child indicates his/her level of biological and structural maturity better than the chronological age calculated from the date of birth. Radiography of the hand & wrist is the commonest modality used to calculate bone age. Automated methods for evaluation of hand and wrist radiographs are also being developed which reduce inter rater(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy induced hypertension results from defective trophoblast invasion and increased umbilical artery resistance which in turn results in decreased blood supply to the placenta and hence to the foetus. This arterial resistance varies in different cases of PIH thus causing variable effects on placenta and foetus. The objective of this study(More)
Accurate fetal weight estimation is important in preventing and managing fetal and maternal complications. Many fetal weight formulae have been derived, but none seems to be accurate enough to be applied globally for all ranges of fetal weight. Major factors causing errors in fetal weight estimation include inappropriately derived equations not considering(More)
Introduction: Cerebral vasodilation occurs in conditions of hypovolemia and cerebral hypoxia in adults. This effect is also found in foetuses. In gestational hypertension, blood flow to the foetus is compromised creating a situation somewhat similar to hypovolemia and cerebral hypoxia. Doppler ultrasound indices namely Resistive Index (RI) Pulsatility Index(More)
Objectives: To establish the local reference range of prostate volume according to our subset of population. To correlate prostate volume (PV) with age, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Methods: A cross-sectional study with 119 healthy adults aged 40-79 years without any prostatic pathology were recruited .The study population was(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the degree of applicability of bone age calculated by Greulich & Pyle Atlas in estimation of chronological age for therapeutic and medico legal purposes. METHODS Two Hundred and Twenty children (139 males, 81 females) between ages of 56 and 113 months (4.5 to 9.5 years) were randomly selected from 4 primary schools of Shireen Jinnah &(More)
Effect of age, gender and BMI on the diameter and velocity of portal vein: All the nutrient rich blood from the GIT flows into the portal vein which determines the anatomical division of the hepatic lobes.1,2 The length of the portal vein is of surgical importance which is often cut down to link with the other vessels in interventional procedures like liver(More)
Introduction: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) risk factors clustering has increases the morbidity and mortality of CAD. These factors are responsible for insulin resistance; it leads to the development of Metabolic Syndrome (MS), which later leads to the development of CAD. Endothelial dysfunction leads to CAD. EAT is the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) around(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine a reference range of renal artery measurements by using Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) angiography and to find association of renal artery measurements with side of artery, gender and age. METHOD Two hundred and fifty study participants without renal artery disease who werepresented to Radiology Department, Ziauddin(More)