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Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in ovarian carcinomas, with direct or indirect activation of EGFR able to trigger tumour growth. We demonstrate significant activation of both signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 and its upstream activator Janus kinase (JAK)2, in high-grade ovarian carcinomas compared with normal(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a serine threonine kinase, overexpression of which promotes tumour growth and invasion through deregulation of the cell cycle. This study demonstrates the relative expression of ILK in normal, benign, low-grade, and high-grade (borderline, grade I/II, and grade III) ovarian tumours of serous, mucinous, endometrioid, and clear(More)
Blockade of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway suppresses growth of colon cancer in vivo. Here we demonstrate a direct link between the extracellular signal-regulated kinase ERK2 and the growth-promoting cell adhesion molecule, integrin alphavbeta6, in colon cancer cells. Down-regulation of beta6 integrin subunit expression inhibits tumour(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has a relatively high mortality rate ( approximately 55%). One of the presiding causes is that the current chemotherapeutic regimes are unable to achieve sustained remission, despite frequently producing a positive response at first treatment. One of the reasons that EOC is difficult to treat is that the mechanism of(More)
Overcoming intrinsic and acquired chemoresistance is the major challenge in treating ovarian cancer patients. Initially nearly 75% of ovarian cancer patients respond favourably to chemotherapy, but subsequently the majority gain acquired resistance resulting in recurrence, cancer dissemination and death. This review summarizes recent advances in our(More)
The expression of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has been shown to be upregulated in ovarian cancer cells. In this study, we report that the expression of immunoreactive NGAL (irNGAL) in ovarian tumors changes with disease grade and that this change is reflected in the concentration of NGAL in peripheral blood. A total of 59 ovarian(More)
The ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) is the precursor of common epithelial ovarian carcinomas. In the present study, we examined the molecular mechanisms and possible physiological basis for the propensity of OSE cells to undergo epithelio-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in response to environmental influences. We hypothesized that EMT may be a homeostatic(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death among women. Due to the asymptomatic nature and poor survival characteristic of the disease, screening for specific biomarkers for ovarian cancer is a major health priority. Differentially expressed proteins in the serum of ovarian cancer patients have the potential to be used as(More)
Altered expression of alphav integrins plays a critical role in tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. In this study, we show that normal human epithelial ovarian cell line, HOSE, and ovarian cancer cell lines, OVCA 429, OVCA 433, and OVHS-1, expressed alphav integrin and associated beta1, beta3, and beta5 subunits, but only ovarian cancer cell lines OVCA(More)
Cancer that arises from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) accounts for approximately 90% of human ovarian cancer, and is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in developed countries. The pathophysiology of epithelial ovarian cancer is still unclear because of the poor understanding of the complex nature of its development and the(More)