Nurul Muazzah Abdul Latiff

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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are mainly characterized by their limited and non-replenishable energy supply. Hence, the need for energy efficient infrastructure is becoming increasingly more important since it impacts upon the network operational lifetime. Sensor node clustering is one of the techniques that can expand the lifespan of the whole network(More)
In wireless sensor networks, the use of energy efficient infrastructure such as clustering may be used to lengthen the network lifetime and prevent network connectivity degradation. In such systems, the performance of the clustering scheme is generally influenced by the cluster head selection method and the number of clusters. This paper presents a dynamic(More)
Clustering in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is one of the techniques that can expand the lifetime of the whole network through data aggregation at the cluster head. This paper presents performance comparison between particle swarm optimization (PSO) and genetic algorithms (GA) with a new cost function that has the objective of simultaneously minimizing(More)
In this paper, we present the end-to-end interference aware concept of Cognitive wireless mesh network (CWMN). CWMN is the leading upcoming technology with the advantage of cognitive radio (CR). We demonstrate that the end-to-end interference model has the ability to perform better from SINR base model. To enhance the utilization of the unused spectrum the(More)
in cognitive radio (CR), CR users or also known as secondary users (SUs) are considered licensed spectrum. During the case when the primary user claims the band of the spectrum that is occupied by the SU ongoing call must be transferred to another unused spectrum band. The variation in spectrum band is called spectrum mobility. In this paper, we investigate(More)
In cognitive radio networks, the secondary users (SUs) switch the data transmission to another empty spectrum band to give priority to primary users (PUs). In this paper, channel switching in cognitive radio mobile ad hoc networks (CR-MANETs) through an established route is modeled. The probability of channel availability in this route is calculated based(More)
The paper introduces proactive integrated handoff management (IHM) scheme in cognitive radio mobile ad hoc networks (CR-MANETs) through an established route. This scheme considers the primary user (PU) activity, secondary user (SU) mobility and channel heterogeneity in the spectrum handoff decision. To reduce the handoff delay, handoff thresholds are used.(More)
The current trend and demand of wireless services requires more efficient spectrum usage. With Cognitive Radio (CR) technology, spectrum efficiency will be increased by exploiting unused licensed or primary users spectrum. Spectrum sensing mechanism is one of the main cores in CR system. To combat the problems of shadowing, multipath fading, and hidden(More)
Computer and wireless communication require Internet accessibility at anytime and anywhere; this includes in a high-speed mobile station such as in speedy trains, fast moving cars as vehicle-to-infrastructure communication. However, wireless Quality of Service (QoS) provisioning in such an environment is more challenging. This increased the development of(More)
Making distance measurements with RSS can be challenging in indoor environments. The effect of multipath and shadowing introduces ambiguity into the readings, leading to a range of distances that can be inferred from a single measurement. This contribution highlights the frequency dependancy of these effects. Lower and upper bounding constraints are(More)