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BACKGROUND High-dose ibuprofen is clinically effective in cystic fibrosis (CF); however, its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that clinically relevant concentrations of ibuprofen suppress activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and thus down-regulate stimulated interleukin (IL)-8 production in CF respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND Lung infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is associated with an exuberant inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and lung damage. Whey protein is a rich source of cysteine, and anti-inflammatory and immune-enhancing peptides. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of whey are augmented by hyperbaric pressure treatment. In this(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Human defensins are antibiotic peptides expressed in myeloid and epithelial cells. Human alpha-defensin 5 (HD5) has been detected in Paneth cell granules in the crypts of Lieberkühn and has recently been identified in the female reproductive tract. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of HD5 mRNA in nasal and bronchial(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit colonic tumourigenesis and have an established usefulness in cancer prevention. Because polyamines are essential for neoplastic cell growth, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of NSAIDs (indomethacin, a nonselective COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitor) on polyamine metabolism in colon(More)
Inhaled corticosteroids have been proposed to decrease pulmonary inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF). In this study the effects of therapy with inhaled fluticasone on clinical and sputum outcomes (leukocyte count, activity of myeloperoxidase, superoxide anion release) in adult CF patients were investigated in an open label design. Twenty-six stable(More)
UNLABELLED Whey proteins (WP) exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Hyperbaric pressurisation of whey increases its digestibility and changes the spectrum of peptides released during digestion. We have shown that dietary supplementation with pressurised whey improves nutritional status and systemic inflammation in patients with cystic fibrosis(More)
Down-regulation of overabundant interleukin (IL)-8 present in cystic fibrosis (CF) airways could ease excessive neutrophil burden and its deleterious consequences for the lung. IL-8 production in airway epithelial cells, stimulated with e.g. inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, is regulated by several signaling pathways including(More)
Aspergillus colonization is a common phenomenon in adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The clinical significance of Aspergillus for the pathogenesis of CF lung disease remains unclear and factors predisposing to such colonization are still completely unknown. We investigated the prevalence of Aspergillus colonization in 104 adult CF patients who attended(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione is central to the antioxidant defences of the lung. The aim of this study was to determine whether sputum induction can be used for the measurement of glutathione in the respiratory tract. METHODS Saliva and induced sputum (3% NaCl, 20 minutes) samples were collected from 10 healthy individuals and 10 patients with stable asthma(More)
Intracellular glutathione (GSH) plays an important regulatory role in the host response to viral infections. Replenishment of intracellular GSH is a desirable yet challenging goal, since systemic GSH supplementation is rather inefficient due to a short half-life of GSH in blood plasma. Further, GSH is not taken up by cells directly, but needs to be broken(More)