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BACKGROUND This study aimed to examine the effects of sevoflurane or isoflurane preconditioning on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion-induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and lipid peroxidation and test the hypothesis that the underlining mechanism of the protective effect of preconditioning involves changes in the apoptotic gene expression profiles in an(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the differential protective effects of isoflurane or sevoflurane on lung inflammation in a rat model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) induced sepsis. METHODS Seventy-two rats were assigned to control, sevoflurane, or isoflurane groups. At 2 and 4 h, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6),(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane in a warm liver ischemia-reperfusion (IR) model on cytokines, hepatic tissue blood flow (HTBF), energy content, and liver structure. METHODS Seventy-two Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 1 of 3 groups: Control group, no volatile anesthetics; sevoflurane group, 2% sevoflurane;(More)
AIM This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of tramadol with those of fentanyl and to evaluate the impact of age in pediatric patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE). METHODS Eighty patients with ASA I-II, aged 1-16 years, undergoing UGIE were included in this study. Baseline anesthesia was maintained with 1(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to define the sonographic evaluation and morphometric measurements of the suprascapular notch. METHODS The suprascapular notch was evaluated by ultrasound on both sides in 50 volunteers (25 males, 25 females). By means of ultrasound, the notch width, the notch depth and the distance between the skin and the notch base(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical activities of ketamine and fentanyl when used in combination with propofol for outpatients undergoing endometrial biopsy. The investigated parameters were respiration, sedation, recovery rate, side effects, time to discharge, and patient satisfaction. DESIGN Prospective, randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted this study to evaluate the effects of thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) on inflammatory response, lipid peroxidation, and oxidative stress in a rat model of mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHOD Rats were divided into 4 groups: sham group (n=6; sham laparotomy), control group (n=6; I/R), bupivacaine group (n=6; mesenteric(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy and side-effects of intravenous tramadol with peritonsillar infiltration of tramadol in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy. METHODS Sixty-six children were randomized into two groups: group I received 2 mg kg(-1) tramadol intravenously and group II(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of lidocaine on the incidence and severity of myoclonic movements induced by etomidate. Sixty patients were randomly assigned to receive either 20 mg lidocaine or saline (n = 30, each), 30 s before administration of etomidate (0.3 mg/kg). One minute after etomidate administration we assessed severity of(More)
OBJECTIVES Following ischemia/reperfusion injury, antioxidant defense mechanisms may remain insufficient depending on the duration of ischemia which is caused by any reason (MI, after percutaneous coronary intervention, during cardiac surgery). After that, free oxygen radicals increasing within the cell cause structural deterioration. Cytokines which(More)