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Macrolides have antiinflammatory effects that are potentially useful in cystic fibrosis (CF). In this placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind crossover study, 18 CF patients were randomized to receive either clarithromycin (CM) (Group 1) or placebo (Group 2) for three months. After 15 days, the treatments were crossed over. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) and Gaucher disease (GD) are well-known lysosomal storage diseases. Respiratory system involvement is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with NPD and GD. OBJECTIVES We tried to assess the clinical, radiological, and histological features of GD and NPD patients with lung involvement. METHODS We(More)
Gorham-Stout syndrome is a rare disease and most often recognized in children and young adults. Chylothorax is a serious complication of Gorham-Stout syndrome. The treatment of either Gorham-Stout syndrome or chylothorax is still a dilemma. We described a 9-year-old girl with Gorham-Stout syndrome and chylothorax who was admitted to our hospital because of(More)
Ligneous conjunctivitis (LC) is a rare disorder characterized by a chronic course of recurrent membranous lesions at conjunctivae. Pseudomembranes of other mucous membranes have been reported in patients with LC, but to the best of our knowledge, no case with alveolar involvement has been described. Here, we report a 2.5-year-old girl with LC who had(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of the macrolides cannot be ascribed to their antibacterial action alone. Their immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory functions are significant too. They are frequently used in the treatment of diffuse panbronchiolitis and cystic fibrosis (CF). AIM To evaluate the effects of a macrolide antibiotic [clarithromycin (CAM)] on the(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are the major causative agents of numerous hospital- and community-acquired infections. Increasing prevalence of MRSA in cystic fibrosis (CF) populations is reported all over the world. Although there are papers reporting the prevalence and genetic backgrounds of MRSA isolates from different(More)
Bronchiectasis is still common among some developing countries like Turkey. The aim of this study was to document the number of children with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, to evaluate the risk factors and to emphasize early diagnosis and treatment. All children, except those diagnosed with CF, with bronchiectasis established by chest radiogram,(More)
Seventy-two children with no underlying diseases were treated for empyema. Radical surgical approaches like decortication were necessary for only 3 children. In 66 children tube drainage was applied. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured or was shown in Gram's stain in 32 (44%) and children with this microorganism had longer duration of tube drainage (p <(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients who receive tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) blockers are mostly immunosuppressed. A study was performed to investigate whether an interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) assay could represent an alternative approach to the tuberculin skin test (TST) for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in these patients. DESIGN We(More)