Nur Yüceyar

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We investigated the pathophysiological mechanisms of dysphagia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Forty-three patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were examined by clinical and electrophysiological methods that objectively measured the oropharyngeal phase of voluntarily initiated swallowing, and these results were compared with those obtained(More)
This article describes a combined electrophysiological and mechanical method used to measure laryngeal movements and related submental EMG activity during swallowing. The mechanical upward and downward movements of the larynx were detected using a piezoelectric sensor while the submental integrated EMG (SM-EMG) was recorded. Measurements were performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Swallowing mechanisms and neurogenic dysphagia have not been systematically studied by the EMG technique. It is desirable to evaluate neurogenic dysphagia for diagnostic and possibly for therapeutic purposes using electrophysiological methods. METHODS The following methods were described: mechanical upward/downward movements of the larynx were(More)
OBJECTIVE Before the advanced evaluation of deglutition and selection of a treatment method, objective screening methods are necessary for patients with dysphagia. In this study a new electroclinical test was established to evaluate patients with dysphagia. METHODS This test is based on determining piecemeal deglutition; which is a physiological(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate dysphagia at the oropharyngeal stage of swallowing and to determine the pathophysiological mechanisms of dysphagia in patients with myasthenia gravis. METHODS Fifteen patients with myasthenia gravis with dysphagia and 10 patients without dysphagia were investigated by a combined electrophysiological and mechanical method described(More)
Abnormal glutamate metabolism is implied in the pathogenesis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glutamate levels appear to be elevated. Since nitric oxide (NO) inhibits glutamate transport, excessive amounts of nitric oxide could underlie the glutamate induced neurotoxicity in ALS. Stable metabolites of NO (NO2- + NO3-)(More)
OBJECTIVE Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a common feature of patients with myotonic dystrophy and is not usually perceived due to their emotional deficits and lack of interest. The aim was to show the existence and frequency of subclinical electrophysiological abnormalities in oropharyngeal swallowing and to clarify the mechanisms of dysphagia in myotonic(More)
The nature of the oropharyngeal dysphagia in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) has been investigated by EMG methods. Nineteen patients with PM/DM were studied. The oropharyngeal phase of swallowing was evaluated by the electrophysiological methods measuring the laryngeal relocation time, pharyngeal transit time and the triggering of the pharyngeal phase(More)
Myosin storage myopathy (MSM) is a protein aggregate myopathy caused by the accumulation of myosin in muscle fibres and results from MYH7 mutation. Although MYH7 mutation is also an established cause of variable cardiomyopathy with or without skeletal myopathy, cardiomyopathy with MSM is a rare combination. Here, we update the clinical findings in the two(More)
A case is reported of the continuous muscle fibre activity syndrome, which includes a group of disorders characterised by sustained motor unit activity due to hyperactivity of peripheral nerve motor axons. In this patient the muscle stiffness and myokymic movements were successfully treated with acetazolamide, which acts as a membrane stabiliser either by(More)