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We investigated the pathophysiological mechanisms of dysphagia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Forty-three patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were examined by clinical and electrophysiological methods that objectively measured the oropharyngeal phase of voluntarily initiated swallowing, and these results were compared with those obtained(More)
This article describes a combined electrophysiological and mechanical method used to measure laryngeal movements and related submental EMG activity during swallowing. The mechanical upward and downward movements of the larynx were detected using a piezoelectric sensor while the submental integrated EMG (SM-EMG) was recorded. Measurements were performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Swallowing mechanisms and neurogenic dysphagia have not been systematically studied by the EMG technique. It is desirable to evaluate neurogenic dysphagia for diagnostic and possibly for therapeutic purposes using electrophysiological methods. METHODS The following methods were described: mechanical upward/downward movements of the larynx were(More)
OBJECTIVE Before the advanced evaluation of deglutition and selection of a treatment method, objective screening methods are necessary for patients with dysphagia. In this study a new electroclinical test was established to evaluate patients with dysphagia. METHODS This test is based on determining piecemeal deglutition; which is a physiological(More)
OBJECTIVE Different variables of oropharyngeal swallowing change in response to bolus volume and consistency as determined by manometric/videofluoroscopic studies. But the subject is debatable especially from the physiologic point of view. No electrophysiologic studies are available on human subjects. METHODS The effects of bolus volume and viscosity on(More)
Abnormal glutamate metabolism is implied in the pathogenesis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glutamate levels appear to be elevated. Since nitric oxide (NO) inhibits glutamate transport, excessive amounts of nitric oxide could underlie the glutamate induced neurotoxicity in ALS. Stable metabolites of NO (NO2- + NO3-)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate dysphagia at the oropharyngeal stage of swallowing and to determine the pathophysiological mechanisms of dysphagia in patients with myasthenia gravis. METHODS Fifteen patients with myasthenia gravis with dysphagia and 10 patients without dysphagia were investigated by a combined electrophysiological and mechanical method described(More)
A new and portable electronic device called the "Digital Phagometer" is described for the time based counting of spontaneous swallowing. This device is composed of a piezoelectric sensor and a digital event counter/ recorder which can be downloaded to any IBM-compatible PC. The sensor of Digital Phagometer is placed and fixed on the coniotomy region between(More)
Hyaline body myopathy is a rare congenital disease with distinctive histopathological features. We performed homozygosity mapping in a family with two affected sibs and identified a gene locus with a maximum homozygosity region of 5.35 centi Morgans or 5.59 Megabases at chromosome 3p22.2-p21.32. The best candidate responsible for the disease is a novel gene(More)
OBJECTIVE Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a common feature of patients with myotonic dystrophy and is not usually perceived due to their emotional deficits and lack of interest. The aim was to show the existence and frequency of subclinical electrophysiological abnormalities in oropharyngeal swallowing and to clarify the mechanisms of dysphagia in myotonic(More)