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A retrospective study is presented of the clinical features and outcome of late onset haemorrhagic disease due to vitamin K deficiency in 11 babies who were admitted to the emergency or child neurology unit during a 4-year period (January 1994-December 1997). The disease occurred in infants between 30 and 119 days of age (mean: 56+/-24 days). None of them(More)
Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is an autosomal dominant, multisystemic and neurocutaneous disease with high spontaneous mutation rate, and it mostly involves the skin, brain, kidneys, heart and the eyes. This study included 35 patients diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis and aged 6 months to 17 years, with a mean age of 6.5+/-4.8 years. The most frequently observed(More)
BACKGROUND Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) may end fatally or leave serious sequelae. CSE treatment, invariably an emergency case, is based upon i.v. benzodiazepines as well as phenytoin, barbiturates or both. The present paper reports efficiency of lidocaine in CSE. METHODS The effects of lidocaine on patients with CSE due to infectious and(More)
OBJECTIVE Developmental delay is a common pediatric problem, having a great number of underlying causal factors. Etiologic diagnosis is important for providing information about pathogenesis, prognosis, recurrence risk and specific medical interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the etiologic yield and spectrum of a consecutive cohort of(More)
Behçet's disease is a systemic vasculitic disease characterized mainly by recurrent oral and genital aphthous ulcers, uveitis and skin findings. Central nervous system involvement is a serious manifestation. A case of acute meningeal syndrome secondary to Behçet's disease is presented. Behçet's disease should always be considered in differential diagnosis(More)
Floppiness in an infant may have a number of different etiologies from disorders of the brain to spinal cord lesions, neuropathies, neuromuscular junction disorders and myopathies. In this study we aimed to investigate the correlation of muscle ultrasonography (US) and electromyography (EMG) in the diagnosis of floppy infants. The study encompassed 41(More)
We report a 16-month-old girl who presented with global developmental delay and hearing loss. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a pattern that could be interpreted as a "new leukoencephalopathy." Etiologic investigations revealed a positive polymerase chain reaction for cytomegalovirus DNA using her stored Guthrie card, indicating a congenital(More)
Lissencephaly (agyria-pachygyria) is the most severe neuronal migration disorder, characterized by total or partial absence of gyri. In this study, 21 patients with lissencephaly type I (9 girls, 12 boys) with a mean age of 19 +/- 21 months (2 weeks-8 years) were evaluated clinically and graded according to neuroradiological findings (19 patients by(More)
Although primary varicella-associated central nervous system complications and herpes zoster ophthalmicus with delayed hemiplegia are well known, and chickenpox is a common infection, cerebral vasculopathy associated with chickenpox has only been described recently. We report the case of an 18-month-old girl who developed a right hemiplegia 10 days after(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the thyroid function alterations in a group of epileptic children taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Patients demographic data and the free throxine (fT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels at the beginning of the treatment and at the third, sixth and ninth months of AED treatment were recorded(More)