Learn More
BACKGROUND Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) is a common autosomal recessive disorder. It is caused by defects in the CYP21A2 gene. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to determine the frequency of common gene mutations and to evaluate genotype-phenotype correlations in Turkish 21-OHD patients. METHODS Molecular analysis of(More)
Netherton syndrome (NS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ichthyosiform scaling, hair abnormalities, and variable atopic features. Mutations in the serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 5 (SPINK5) gene leading to lymphoepithelial Kazal-type-related inhibitor (LEKTI) deficiency cause NS. Growth retardation is a classic feature of NS, but(More)
Progressive diaphyseal dysplasia (PDD), a rare disorder of bones, in recent years has been accepted as a systemic disease within the spectrum of connective tissue disorders associated with immunological abnormalities. Steroids have been used in the treatment of PDD with variable success. In this report PDD is described in a 5-year-old boy who presented with(More)
This retrospective study evaluated clinical characteristics of patients with constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP) at presentation, during puberty and at final height. The records of 151 children (105 boys, 46 girls) with CDGP were reviewed and the results were evaluated with respect to findings in healthy Turkish schoolchildren. CDGP was twice(More)
Fetal male sexual differentiation is driven by two testicular hormones: testosterone (synthesized by interstitial Leydig cells) and antimüllerian hormone (AMH; produced by Sertoli cells present in the seminiferous tubules). Intersex states result either from gonadal dysgenesis, in which both Leydig and Sertoli cell populations are affected, or from impaired(More)
OBJECTIVES Factors contributing to arteriopathy in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) remain unclear. We assessed arterial stiffness in young, normotensive patients with TS and correlated arterial stiffness with vascular biomarkers, GH treatment and oestrogen exposure. Sixty-one patients with TS (mean age, 12·6 years; range 6·6-21·3 years) were matched for(More)
Boys are heavier than girls at term birth. Children with a 46,XY karyotype and androgen insensitivity syndrome (clinically complete form and/or proven mutations in the androgen receptor gene) were found to have a birth weight comparable to that of girls. These findings support the hypothesis that the difference in birth weight between boys and girls is(More)
Although regarded as a benign condition, simple hypertrichosis may be very disturbing to a child cosmetically. An abnormality in androgen metabolism has been implied in the etiology of simple hypertrichosis recently. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of spironolactone therapy for its antiandrogenic property in 12 prepubertal girls with(More)
BACKGROUND Testicular microlithiasis (TM) is characterized by calcium deposits within the seminiferous tubules and is associated with benign and malign conditions. AIM To determine TM prevalence in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and its association with testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART). PATIENTS AND METHODS Scrotal ultrasound(More)
Growth and sexual development were evaluated in 54 (29 female, 25 male) patients with beta-thalassemia major aged 2.7-21.3 years (mean 10.4 yr). Mean pretransfusion hemoglobin concentration was 7.8 +/- 0.7 mg/dl. All patients except 6 were on desferrioxamine. Age of starting of therapy was 6.8 +/- 3.9 years. Mean SDS values for height, weight and sitting(More)