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This investigation examined the effects of acute and chronic ethanol exposure and its withdrawal on the cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) and the activator protein-1 (AP-1) gene transcription factors in the rat brain. The anxiogenic effects of ethanol withdrawal after acute or protracted ethanol treatment of rats were measured by the elevated(More)
This investigation examined the effects of chronic ethanol treatment (15 days) and its withdrawal (24 h) on the expression and phosphorylation of cyclic AMP-response element-binding (CREB) protein in the rat cortex. The effects of chronic ethanol treatment and withdrawal on protein kinase A (PKA) activity and on the expression of the regulatory RII-beta-(More)
Addiction to nicotine may result in molecular adaptations in the neurocircuitry of specific brain structures via changes in the cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB)-dependent gene transcription program. We therefore investigated the effects of chronic nicotine exposure and its withdrawal on CREB and phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB) protein(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-responsive element binding (CREB) protein is a gene transcription factor that can integrate the signals mediated via the cAMP second messenger cascade at the gene expression level, which then controls neuronal functions. METHODS To examine if the protein kinase A --> CREB signaling cascade is involved(More)
The cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) gene transcription factor has been implicated in the synaptic plasticity and memory. Here, we investigated the mechanisms of CREB and/or cyclic AMP-responsive element modulatory protein (CREM) binding to CRE sites in brain tissues. CRE-DNA binding was determined in nuclear extracts obtained from the several(More)
FHL2, a member of the four and one half LIM domain protein family, is a critical transcriptional modulator. Here, we identify FHL2 as a critical regulator of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) that is essential for maintaining HSC self-renewal under regenerative stress. We find that Fhl2 loss has limited effects on hematopoiesis under homeostatic conditions.(More)
To define the molecular basis of ethanol dependence, the changes in gene transcription factor stimulatory protein-1 (SP1) and nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) DNA binding activities were investigated in the rat cortex and hippocampus during ethanol treatment (15 days) and its withdrawal. It was found that both protracted ethanol treatment and its withdrawal (12,(More)
Extranodal Marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL) is a rare, usually localized disease in children. Advanced stage EMZL in adults is considered incurable, with prolonged remissions after chemotherapy. Gamma heavy chain disease (γHCD) is a rare disease of adults associated with lympho-proliferative processes with no comparable reports in children. A case of stage-IV(More)
Histiocytic sarcoma (HS), a malignant proliferation of mature tissue histiocytes presenting with single or multifocal extranodal tumors, is rarely seen in children. Primary orbital HS has never been reported in a child. Disseminated disease to the bone marrow typically has an aggressive course and poor prognosis. There is no consensus currently on the(More)