Nuomin Huang

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In the peripheral blood (PB) we detected so-called early plasma cells that might already be committed to entering the bone marrow (BM). By two-colour staining with FITC-anti-CD38 antibody, their intensity (CD38++) of expression of CD38 antigen was between that of germinal centre (GC) B cells (low expression (CD38+)) and that of BM plasma cells (high(More)
We have recently shown that two-color analysis with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-anti-CD38 antibody could clearly distinguish myeloma cells (plasma cells) from other hematopoietic cells in the bone marrow. Myeloma cells (plasma cells) alone were located at CD38strong positive (++) fractions. To further distinguish normal plasma cells from mature(More)
The bone marrow (BM) is well known to be the major site of Ig production in secondary immune responses; thus, the microenvironment of BM is considered to be essential for final differentiation of plasma cells. We identified in the peripheral blood (PB) early plasma cells (CD38++CD19+VLA-5-) committed to entering the BM. The sorted early plasma cells rapidly(More)
Some myeloma cells freshly isolated from bone marrow aspirates in human myelomas and some myeloma cell lines formed spontaneous cell aggregations in vitro (homotypic cell aggregations). In order to clarify the surface molecules involved in homotypic cell aggregations and physiological roles of these cell aggregations, we investigated the expressions of(More)
With regard to the expression of adhesion molecules, human myeloma cells freshly isolated from bone marrow were heterogeneous. By two-color analysis with anti-VLA-5 antibody (PE staining) and FITC-labeled anti-CD38 antibody, we found all myeloma cells located at CD38-strong positive (CD38++) fraction and identified two subpopulations among these myeloma(More)
Here, we propose a new phenotypic classification of bone marrow plasmacytosis. By 2-color phenotypic analysis with FITC anti-CD38 and PE anti-CD19, -CD56, -VLA-5 or MPC-1 antibody, plasma cells are easily identified on the histogram, even though no more than 1% of plasma cells are found in the bone marrow. Hence, plasma cells are phenotypically classified(More)
The mature myeloma cells express very late antigen 5 (VLA-5) and MPC-1 antigens on their surface and adhere to bone marrow (BM) stromal cells more tightly than the VLA-5-MPC-1- immature myeloma cells in vitro. The VLA-5 and MPC-1 antigens possibly function as two of the molecules responsible for interaction of mature myeloma cells with BM stromal cells.(More)
RUNX1/CBFβ (core binding factor [CBF]) is a heterodimeric transcription factor complex that is frequently involved in chromosomal translocations, point mutations, or deletions in acute leukemia. The mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene is also frequently involved in chromosomal translocations or partial tandem duplication in acute leukemia. The MLL protein(More)
Recent immunophenotypic analysis has shown that the heterogeneous expression of the adhesion molecule VLA-5 classifies myeloma cells into VLA-5+ mature and VLA-5- immature subpopulations. To further clarify the two myeloma subpopulations, we generated a monoclonal antibody, MPC-1, by immunizing mice with an adherent human myeloma cell line, KMS-5. The MPC-1(More)
Recent phenotypic analysis of plasma cells showed that normal plasma cells do express the B-cell lineage-specific molecule CD19, but their malignant counterpart (myeloma cells) are CD19-. To clarify the meaning of loss of CD19 antigen on myeloma cells, we first compared the expression of CD19 and Pax-5 genes among B cells, normal plasma cells, myeloma cell(More)