Nunzia Sanarico

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by abnormal accumulation of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) into extracellular fibrillar deposits, paralleled by chronic neuroinflammatory processes. Although Abeta seems to be causative in AD brain damage, the role of the immune system and its mechanisms still remain to be clarified. We have recently shown that normal(More)
Berylliosis is a chronic granulomatous disorder caused by inhalation of Be dusts that is driven by the accumulation of Be-specific CD4+ Th1-cells at disease sites. Susceptibility to berylliosis has been associated with the supratypic variant of HLA-DP gene coding for glutamate at position beta69 (HLA-DPbetaGlu69). The aim of this study was to test the(More)
The polymorphism at position beta69 of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP molecule has been associated with susceptibility to several immune disorders and alloreactivity. Using molecular modeling, we have predicted a detailed structure of the HLA-DP2 molecule (carrying Glubeta69) complexed with class II associated invariant chain derived peptide (CLIP)(More)
A key event of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis is the production of amyloid beta peptides (A beta), which are hypothesized to lead to neurodegeneration by still unclear mechanisms, including a chronic inflammatory response characterized by innate immune cell activation and pro-inflammatory molecule release. Since dendritic cells (DCs) are central(More)
Monocyte differentiation into dendritic cells (DCs) depends on microenvironmental conditions. In this study, the capacity of human monocytes to differentiate into mature DCs and their ability to induce an antiviral immune response was investigated in HIV-infected patients. In healthy subjects, monocytes differentiate into CD1a+ DCs in the presence of(More)
In order to analyze dendritic cells (DCs) activation following infection with different mycobacterial strains, we studied the expression profiles of 165 genes of human monocyte-derived DCs infected with H37Rv, a virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) laboratory strain, CMT97, a clinical MTB isolate, Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG),(More)
Human monocytes can differentiate into dendritic cells (DCs) according to the nature of environmental signals. We tested here whether the infection with the live tuberculosis vaccine bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), which is known to be limited in preventing pulmonary tuberculosis, modulates monocyte and DC differentiation. We found that monocytes infected(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces apoptosis in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) during the early stages of infection. We investigated the proapoptotic role of cell wall-associated mycobacterial 19-kDa lipoprotein and the possible association between 19-kDa lipoprotein signaling and production of proinflammatory cytokines. Purified mycobacterial(More)
Macrophages play an essential role in the immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Previous transcriptome surveys, by means of micro- and macroarrays, investigated the cellular gene expression profile during the early phases of infection (within 48 hr). However, Mtb remains within the host macrophages for a longer period, continuing to influence(More)
Interleukin (IL)-2 plays an important role in the control of the immune responses, and it is released in a variety of tissues in response to inflammatory stimuli. As monocytes and mature dendritic cells (DCs) express CD25, the high-affinity subunit of IL-2 receptor, we examined the effect of exogenous IL-2 on the in vitro generation and maturation of DCs(More)