Nunzia Benedetto

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In the central nervous system, cytokine-activated microglia play a crucial role in host defence against Toxoplasma gondii infections. In this study, the effect of recombinant tumor necrosis factor (rTNF)-alpha and prolactin (PRL) on T. gondii infection in microglia was examined. Pretreatment of microglia with rTNF-alpha and PRL induced toxoplasmastatic(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are abundant molecular chaperones participating in the cytoprotection. The kinetics of synthesis of Hsps closely correlates with the kinetics of development of resistance to cell death. In this study, we analysed the probable involvement of Hsp 27 and Hsp 60 in the protection of cells undergoing apoptosis. Human lymphocytes(More)
Salmonella typhimurium SH5014 porins induce the release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), and IL-6 by human monocytes and of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) and IL-4 by human lymphocytes. Porins at 1 microgram/ml induce the greatest release of TNF-alpha, IL-1 alpha, and IL-6 by monocytes and of IL-4 by lymphocytes,(More)
We investigated the effects of alpha-adrenergic on the capacity of Toxoplasma gondii to invade and proliferate in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Pretreatment of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) with alpha 2-adrenergic led to a high degree of intracellular killing of T. gondii in these cells. Moreover alpha 2-adrenergics(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS), cytokine-primed microglia play a central role in host's defense against Acanthamoeba castellanii infection. In this study, the effect of recombinant interferon (rIFN)-gamma and Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis lipopolysaccharide (LPS), both inflammatory stimuli, on A. castellanii infection in murine microglia was(More)
In the central nervous system, cytokine-primed microglia play a pivotal role in host defence against parasite infections. In this study, the effect of recombinant (r) prolactin (rPRL) and rIFN-gamma on A. castellanii infection in murine microglia was examined. Priming of microglia with rPRL and rIFN-gamma synergistically triggered, in a dose-dependent(More)
In the central nervous system, cytokine-primed microglia play a pivotal role in host defence against Acanthamoeba castellani infections. In this study, the effect of rIL-1beta, rIL-6 or rTNF-alpha, combined or not with rIFN-gamma, on A. castellani infection of murine microglia was examined. Priming of microglial cells with either rIL-1beta or rIL-6, in the(More)
Mice lethally infected with T. gondii and treated with prolactin (PRL), recombinant interferon gamma (rIFN-gamma) or recombinant tumour necrosis factor (rTNF-alpha) were protected against death, as compared to untreated controls. The protective effect of PRL (0.5-2 mg/kg/twice daily for 12 days) was dose dependent and statistically significant (P < 0.001).(More)
Seminal vesicle protein IV (SV-IV) is a secretory anti-inflammatory, procoagulant, and immunomodulatory protein produced in large amounts by the seminal vesicle epithelium of the rat under the strict transcriptional control of androgen. In particular, this protein was shown to possess the ability to markedly inhibit in vivo the humoral and cell-mediated(More)
Rats are resistant to Toxoplasma infection, and in contrast to mice do not form cysts in their tissues. Because rats treated with beta adrenergics, corticosteroids or 60cobalt are more susceptible to toxoplasmosis, we conducted experiments to investigate if the impaired resistance of drug-treated rats is related to macrophage function or induction of(More)