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The mode of entry and intracellular fate of epimastigotes and trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi in cultured cells was studied. Electron microscopic observations indicated the uptake by phagocytosis of both forms into mouse peritoneal macrophages and of trypomastigotes and transition forms into other cultured cell types. In each instance the organisms(More)
Surface antigen profiles of Leishmania donovani promastigote isolates have been studied. Surface patterns of Brazilian and African isolates display remarkable similarities and are extremely simple, consisting of three major peptides of 65,000, 25,000, and 23,000 mol wt. Surface iodination and biosynthetic labeling coupled to immunoprecipitation techniques(More)
Antigen and mitogen-induced gamma interferon (gamma-IFN) production was studied in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 34 leprosy patients. 17 of 18 lepromatous leprosy and borderline lepromatous patients (LL and BL) failed to release gamma-IFN in response to specific antigen (Mycobacterium leprae) and displayed reduced responses to mitogen(More)
Enzymatic surface iodination and biosynthetic labeling with [35S]methionine, combined with immunoprecipitation by sera from patients with different forms of Leishmaniasis revealed a 65,000 Mr glycoprotein as the immunodominant moiety in promastigotes and amastigotes of the nine Leishmania species and isolates examined. Sera from patients with one form of(More)
Normal, resident and inflammatory mouse peritoneal macrophages can be induced to display microbicidal activity against trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi by exposure to products from antigen-pulsed, sensitized spleen cell populations. Optimal macrophage microbicidal activity was achieved by constant exposure and daily renewal of the spleen cell factors.(More)
Supernatants from mitogen- or antigen-stimulated human blood mononuclear cells enhanced the capacity of human monocytes or monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) to release H(2)O(2) or O(2) in response to phorbol myristate acetate or zymosan. The stimulatory effect of lymphokines (LK) lasted approximately 5 d, regardless of the time of their addition. However,(More)
Soluble products from antigen stimulated Trypanosoma cruzi-immune spleen cells enhanced the expression of Ia antigens on proteose-peptone-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages (M phi). Acquisition of Ia paralleled M phi activation, previously shown to be mediated by this same source of lymphokine (LK). Expression of Ia and four other plasma membrane(More)
We report on the characteristics of cells in the cutaneous lesions and blood of 21 patients with lepromatous, tuberculoid, and intermediate forms of leprosy. A large proportion of the infiltrates in lepromatous lesions consist of macrophages heavily parasitized with Mycobacterium leprae. The T cells in the lesions are devoid of OKT4/Leu 3a-positive(More)
As reported previously, mouse peritoneal macrophages could be activated to kill intracellular trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas' disease, in either of two ways: by immunizing and boosting the mice (3), or by culturing resident or inflammatory macrophages in spleen cell factor(s) (SCF) in vitro (2). Macrophages activated in vivo(More)