Nuno Miguel Carvalho Santos

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DMSO is an amphipathic molecule with a highly polar domain and two apolar methyl groups, making it soluble in both aqueous and organic media. It is one of the most common solvents for the in vivo administration of several water-insoluble substances. Despite being frequently used as a solvent in biological studies and as a vehicle for drug therapy, the(More)
BACKGROUND To obtain robust epidemiological information regarding tuberculosis (TB) in wildlife species, appropriate diagnostic methods need to be used. Wild boar (Sus scrofa) recently emerged as a major maintenance host for TB in some European countries. Nevertheless, no data is available to evaluate TB post-mortem diagnostic methods in hunter-harvested(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important potential alternatives to conventional therapies against bacterial infections. rBPI(21) is a 21 kDa peptide based on the N-terminal region of the neutrophil bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI). This AMP possesses highly selective bactericidal effects on Gram-negative bacteria and have affinity for(More)
Tuberculosis has been diagnosed in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in several European countries during the last decade; however, almost no information has been reported to date for Portugal. This study aimed to investigate tuberculosis in wild boar in Portugal through characterization of Mycobacterium bovis infection and identification of disease risk factors.(More)
Partition of the intrinsically fluorescent HIV fusion inhibitor enfuvirtide into lipidic membranes is relatively high (Delta G =6.6 kcal x mol(-1)) and modulated by cholesterol. A shallow position in the lipidic matrix makes it readily available for interaction with gp41. No conformational energetic barrier prevents enfuvirtide from being active in both(More)
In 2009 we started, within the dedicated HARPS-Upgrade GTO program, an intense radial-velocity monitoring of a few nearby, slowly-rotating and quiet solar-type stars. The goal of this campaign is to gather, with high cadence and continuity, very-precise radial-velocity data in order to detect tiny signatures of very-low-mass stars potentially in the(More)
The potential of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as an alternative to conventional therapies is well recognized. Insights into the biological and biophysical properties of AMPs are thus key to understanding their mode of action. In this study, the mechanisms adopted by two AMPs in disrupting the gram-negative Escherichia coli bacterial envelope were explored.(More)
Enfuvirtide and T-1249 are two HIV-1 fusion inhibitor peptides that bind to gp41 and prevent its fusogenic conformation, inhibiting viral entry into host cells. Previous studies established the relative preferences of these peptides for membrane model systems of defined lipid compositions. We aimed to understand the interaction of these peptides with the(More)
Taeniid species represent relevant pathogens in human and animals, circulating between carnivorous definitive hosts and a variety of mammalian intermediate hosts. In Portugal, however, little is known about their occurrence and life cycles, especially in wild hosts. An epidemiological survey was conducted to clarify the role of the Iberian wolf as a(More)