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DMSO is an amphipathic molecule with a highly polar domain and two apolar methyl groups, making it soluble in both aqueous and organic media. It is one of the most common solvents for the in vivo administration of several water-insoluble substances. Despite being frequently used as a solvent in biological studies and as a vehicle for drug therapy, the(More)
Optical spectroscopies have been intensively used to determine partition coefficients by a plethora of methodologies. The present review is intended to give detailed and useful information for the determination of partition coefficients and addresses several relevant aspects, namely: (i) definition and calculation of the partition coefficient between(More)
Fluorescence spectroscopy (both steady-state and time-resolved) was used to study the fragment 579-601 of gp41 ectodomain (HIV-1), a highly conserved sequence and major epitope, regarding (1) structural information, (2) interaction with membrane model systems, and (3) location in the phospholipid bilayer. The peptide was characterized both in its monomeric(More)
T-1249 is a HIV fusion inhibitor peptide under clinical trials. Its interaction with biological membrane models (large unilamellar vesicles) was studied using fluorescence spectroscopy. A gp41 peptide that includes one of the hydrophobic terminals of T-1249 was also studied. Both peptides partition extensively to liquid-crystalline POPC(More)
BACKGROUND To obtain robust epidemiological information regarding tuberculosis (TB) in wildlife species, appropriate diagnostic methods need to be used. Wild boar (Sus scrofa) recently emerged as a major maintenance host for TB in some European countries. Nevertheless, no data is available to evaluate TB post-mortem diagnostic methods in hunter-harvested(More)
The extracellular hemoglobin from Glossoscolex paulistus (HbGp) has a molecular mass of 3.6 MDa. It has a high oligomeric stability at pH 7.0 and low autoxidation rates, as compared to vertebrate hemoglobins. In this work, fluorescence and light scattering experiments were performed with the three oxidation forms of HbGp exposed to acidic pH. Our focus is(More)
The potential of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as an alternative to conventional therapies is well recognized. Insights into the biological and biophysical properties of AMPs are thus key to understanding their mode of action. In this study, the mechanisms adopted by two AMPs in disrupting the gram-negative Escherichia coli bacterial envelope were explored.(More)
A serologic survey for Canine distemper virus (CDV) and canine parvovirus (CPV) was performed on serum and lung extract from an opportunistic sample of 120 free-ranging wild carnivores (13 species) from Portugal, collected from 1995 to 2006. Antibodies to CDV were detected in wolf (Canis lupus; 3/27) and red fox (Vulpes vulpes; 2/22). Antibodies to CPV were(More)
Glossoscolex paulistus hemoglobin (HbGp) was studied by dynamic light scattering (DLS), optical absorption spectroscopy (UV-VIS) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). At pH 7.0, cyanomet-HbGp is very stable, no oligomeric dissociation is observed, while denaturation occurs at 56°C, 4°C higher as compared to oxy-HbGp. The oligomeric dissociation of(More)
We report a spectroscopic orbit with period P = 3.52433 ± 0.00027 days for the planetary companion that transits the solar-type star HD 209458. For the metallicity, mass, and radius of the star we derive [Fe/H]= 0.00 ± 0.02, M * = 1.1 ± 0.1 M ⊙ , and R * = 1.3 ± 0.1 R ⊙. This is based on a new analysis of the iron lines in our HIRES template spectrum, and(More)